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Picroside-I (P-I) is a member of the iridoid glycosides family of natural products, which are used to treat liver disorders. The growing medicinal need for this benign compound has stimulated the present study to identify genes important for the biosynthesis of P-I. In this study, molecular screens have been generated using gene expression patterns obtained(More)
Urinary stone disease is an ailment that has afflicted human kind for many centuries. Nephrolithiasis is a significant clinical problem in everyday practice with a subsequent burden for the health system. Nephrolithiasis remains a chronic disease and our fundamental understanding of the pathogenesis of stones as well as their prevention and cure still(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing number of patients suffering from urolithiasis represents one of the major challenges which nephrologists face worldwide today. For enhancing therapeutic outcomes of this disease, the pathogenic basis for the formation of renal stones is the need of hour. Proteins are found as major component in human renal stone matrix and are(More)
PURPOSE Recurrence and persistent side effects of present day treatment for urolithiasis restrict their use, so an alternate solution, using phytotherapy is being sought. The present study attempted to evaluate the antilithiatic properties of Tribulus terrestris commonly called as "gokhru" which is often used in ayurveda to treat various urinary diseases(More)
Recurrence and persistent side effects of present day treatment for urolithiasis restrict their use, so an alternate, using phytotherapy is being sought. Dolichos biflorus seeds, which are used as dietary food in India, possess antilithiatic properties. In the present study, a novel dimeric antilithiatic protein (98 kDa) from its seeds was purified based on(More)
Picrosides, the terpenoids synthesized by Picrorhiza kurroa, have ample usage in medicine. Identification of the regulatory enzymes involved in picroside biosynthesis needs to be explored for improving the level of these secondary metabolites. Current efforts are based on the analysis of secondary metabolism in picroside biosynthesis but its interpretation(More)
Hyperoxaluria is a condition where excessive oxalate is present in the urine. Many reports have documented free radical generation followed by hyperoxaluria as a consequence of which calcium oxalate deposition occurs in the kidney tissue. The present invivo study was designed to investigate the potential of N-acetylcysteine in modulating hyperoxaluric(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Many medicinal plants have been employed during ages to treat urinary stones though the rationale behind their use is not well established. Recently, we have successfully purified an anticalcifying protein from the seeds of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex Turril (Umbelliferae) using oxalate depletion assay and deciphered(More)
Till date various plants extract have been studied to reduce the incidence of urolithiasis but the identification of naturally occurring calcium oxalate (CaOx) inhibitory biomolecules from plants was hampered in past by limitation in identification method. The present study is aimed at examining the efficacy of Trachyspermum ammi on CaOx crystallization in(More)
PURPOSE Proteins constitute a major portion of the organic matrix of human calcium oxalate (CaOx) renal stones and the matrix is considered to be important in stone formation and growth. The present study evaluates the effect of these proteins on oxalate injured renal epithelial cells accompanied by a 2D map of these proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)