Chandan K. Sen

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of human diseases. Recent evidence suggests that at moderately high concentrations, certain forms of ROS such as H202 may act as signal transduction messengers. To develop a better understanding of the exact mechanisms that underlie ROS-dependent disorders in biological(More)
ABSTRACT In the United States, chronic wounds affect 6.5 million patients. An estimated excess of US$25 billion is spent annually on treatment of chronic wounds and the burden is rapidly growing due to increasing health care costs, an aging population and a sharp rise in the incidence of diabetes and obesity worldwide. The annual wound care products market(More)
AIMS MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by either degradation or translational repression of a target mRNA. Encoded in the genome of most eukaryotes, miRNAs have been proposed to regulate specifically up to 90% of human genes through a process known as miRNA-guided RNA silencing. For(More)
Thiols are a class of organic sulfur derivatives (mercaptans) characterized by the presence of sulfhydryl residues. In biological systems, thiols have numerous functions, including a central role in coordinating the antioxidant defense network. Physical exercise may induce oxidative stress. In humans, a consistent marker of exercise-induced oxidative stress(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) regulates several cellular functions via reversible regulation of mitochondrial respiration. Nitric oxide also reacts with mitochondrial superoxide anion to produce the potent oxidative species peroxynitrite that irreversibly hinders mitochondrial activities. Recent findings demonstrating that mitochondria produce NO via mitochondrial NO(More)
Female beagle dogs were treadmill trained 40 km/day at 5.5-6.8 km/h, 15% upgrade, 5 days/wk for 55 wk. With training, hepatic and red gastrocnemius (RG) total glutathione increased, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione reductase (GRD) increased in all the leg muscles studied, and hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity increased. Joint(More)
  • C K Sen
  • Journal of applied physiology
  • 1995
There is consistent evidence from human and animal studies that strenuous physical exercise may induce a state wherein the antioxidant defenses of several tissues are overwhelmed by excess reactive oxygen. A wide variety of physiological and dietary antioxidants act in concert to evade such a stress. Submaximal long-duration exercise training may augment(More)
  • C K Sen
  • Biochemical pharmacology
  • 1998
Oxidation-reduction (redox) based regulation of signal transduction and gene expression is emerging as a fundamental regulatory mechanism in cell biology. Electron flow through side chain functional CH2-SH groups of conserved cysteinyl residues in proteins account for their redox-sensing properties. Because in most intracellular proteins thiol groups are(More)
Wound healing represents a well orchestrated reparative response that is induced by injuries. Angiogenesis plays a central role in wound healing. In this work, we sought to develop the first mathematical model directed at addressing the role of tissue oxygen tension on cutaneous wound healing. Key components of the developed model include capillary tips,(More)