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Over the last decade many techniques and tools for software clone detection have been proposed. In this paper, we provide a qualitative comparison and evaluation of the current state-of-the-art in clone detection techniques and tools, and organize the large amount of information into a coherent conceptual framework. We begin with background concepts, a(More)
This paper examines the effectiveness of a new language-specific parser-based but lightweight clone detection approach. Exploiting a novel application of a source transformation system, the method accurately finds near-miss clones using an efficient text line comparison technique. The transformation system assists the method in three ways. First, using(More)
Community-based question answering services accumulate large volumes of knowledge through the voluntary services of people across the globe. Stack Overflow is an example of such a service that targets developers and software engineers. In general, questions in Stack Overflow are answered in a very short time. However, we found that the number of unanswered(More)
In recent years many methods and tools for software clone detection have been proposed. While some work has been done on assessing and comparing performance of these tools, very little empirical evaluation has been done. In particular, accuracy measures such as precision and recall have only been roughly estimated, due both to problems in creating a(More)
—The NiCad Clone Detector is a scalable, flexible clone detection tool designed to implement the NiCad (Automated Detection of Near-Miss Intentional Clones) hybrid clone detection method in a convenient, easy-to-use command-line tool that can easily be embedded in IDEs and other environments. It takes as input a source directory or directories to be checked(More)
Software clones are considered harmful in software maintenance and evolution. However, despite a decade of active research, there is a marked lack of work in the detection and analysis of near-miss software clones, those where minor to extensive modifications have been made to the copied fragments. In this thesis, we advance the state-of-the-art in clone(More)
Research Near-miss function clones in open source software: an empirical study SUMMARY The new hybrid clone detection tool NICAD combines the strengths and overcomes the limitations of both text-based and AST-based clone detection techniques and exploits novel applications of a source transformation system to yield highly accurate identification of cloned(More)
—Duplicated code, also known as code clones, are one of the malicious 'code smells' that often need to be removed through refactoring for enhancing maintainability. Among all the potential refactoring opportunities, the choice and order of a set of refactoring activities may have distinguishable effect on the design/code quality. Moreover, there may be(More)