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PURPOSE To evaluate a novel automated segmentation algorithm for cup-to-disc segmentation from stereo color photographs of patients with glaucoma for the measurement of glaucoma progression. METHODS Stereo color photographs of the optic disc were obtained by using a fixed stereo-base fundus camera in 58 eyes of 58 patients with suspected or open-angle(More)
The extent to which tissue-specific viral infections generate memory T cells specifically adapted to and maintained within the target infection site is unknown. Here, we show that respiratory virus-specific memory T cells in mice and humans are generated and maintained in compartmentalized niches in lungs, distinct from populations in lymphoid tissue or(More)
Inappropriate activity of the complement cascade contributes to the pathophysiology of several neurodegenerative conditions. This study sought to determine if components of the complement cascade are synthesized in the retina following the development of ocular hypertension (OHT) and if complement accumulates in association with retinal ganglion cells.(More)
Recent reports have indicated that components of the complement cascade are synthesized during the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in glaucoma. While complement deposition in the retina may simply serve to aid phagocytosis of damaged RGC, activation of the complement cascade can also contribute to neuronal loss in neurodegenerative diseases.(More)
PURPOSE Excessive scarring in subconjunctival tissues after filtering surgery seems to be characterized by aberrant extracellular matrix (ECM) production, and tissue transglutaminase (tTgase) plays an important role in this process. In the present study, the effects of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta2 on the expression of tTgase, its activity in(More)
Lysinoalanine, N6-(DL-2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)-L-lysine, an unusual amino acid implicated as a renal toxic factor in rats, has been found in proteins of home-cooked and commercial foods and ingredients. Although it has been reported to occur in both edible and nonfood proteins only after alkali treatment, it has now been identified in food proteins that had(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether mitochondrial dysfunction and mitogen-activated protein kinase family proteins are implicated in apoptotic signaling of human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts (HTCFs) by mitomycin-C. METHODS Apoptosis was determined by Hoechst nuclei staining, agarose gel electrophoresis, and flow cytometry in HTCFs treated with 0.4 mg/mL(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of purified high-dose anthocyanoside oligomer administration on nocturnal visual function and clinical symptoms in low-to-moderate myopia subjects. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and involved sixty subjects with asthenopia and refractive errors between -1.00 and(More)
Role of linker histone H1 in epigenetic regulation of pluripotency genes and Hox genes To my father, Weijun Zhang. iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First, I would like to thank my thesis advisor, Dr. Yuhong Fan, for her guidance, encouragement and support. My thesis work would not have been possible without her time, ideas and funding support. I have not only learned(More)
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