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Curcumin is the active ingredient in the herbal medicine and dietary spice, turmeric (Curcuma longa). It has a wide range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, chemopreventive, and chemotherapeutic activities. We examined the effects of curcumin on the lifespan and aging in Caenorhabditis elegans, and found that it responded to(More)
Arsenic is a known human carcinogen and high levels of arsenic contamination in food, soils, water, and air are of toxicology concerns. Nowadays, arsenic is still a contaminant of emerging interest, yet the effects of arsenic on aging process have received little attention. In this study, we investigated the effects and the underlying mechanisms of chronic(More)
Arsenic permeates our environment. As a result, humans are continually exposed to it. This study investigates the possible roles of oxidative stress in arsenite (As(III))-induced neurotoxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans. Exposure to As(III), at the concentrations examined, caused a decrease in locomotor behaviors (frequencies of body bends, head thrashes,(More)
Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kaneh is an indigenous tree species in Taiwan. In this study, phytochemical characteristics and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and key constituents from the leaves of two C. osmophloeum clones were investigated. The two trees possess two chemotypes, which were classified as the cinnamaldehyde type and camphor type. We(More)
High levels of arsenic in groundwater and drinking water represent a major health problem worldwide. Drinking arsenic-contaminated groundwater is a likely cause of blackfoot disease (BFD) in Taiwan, but mechanisms controlling the mobilization of arsenic present at elevated concentrations within aquifers remain understudied. Microcosm experiments using(More)
BACKGROUND Phthalate esters are ubiquitous environmental contaminants and numerous organisms are thus exposed to various levels of phthalates in their natural habitat. Considering the critical, but limited, research on human neurobehavioral outcomes in association with phthalates exposure, we used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as an in vivo model to(More)
Arsenic poisoning affects millions of people worldwide. Although there is accumulating evidence to suggest that the nervous system is a target of arsenic, relatively little information is known regarding its effects on the nervous system. The effects of arsenite on the nervous system in Caenorhabditis elegans were investigated in the present study. We found(More)
Because arsenic is the most prevalent environmental toxin, it is imperative that we understand the mechanisms of metalloid detoxification. In prokaryotes, arsenic detoxification is accomplished by chromosomal and plasmid-borne operon-encoded efflux systems. Bacterial ArsA ATPase is the catalytic component of an oxyanion pump that is responsible for(More)
Gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) catalyzes the first, rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of glutathione (GSH). To evaluate the protective role of cellular GSH against arsenic-induced oxidative stress in Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), we examined the effect of the C. elegans ortholog of GCS(h), gcs-1, in response to inorganic arsenic(More)
BACKGROUND Monascus-fermented products are mentioned in an ancient Chinese pharmacopoeia of medicinal food and herbs. Monascus-fermented products offer valuable therapeutic benefits and have been extensively used in East Asia for several centuries. Several biological activities of Monascus-fermented products were recently described, and the extract of(More)