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Cell migration requires the coordinated spatiotemporal regulation of actomyosin contraction and cell protrusion/adhesion. Nonmuscle myosin II (MII) controls Rac1 and Cdc42 activation, and cell protrusion and focal complex formation in migrating cells. However, these mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we show that MII interacts specifically with(More)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) have been implicated in growth factor-induced neuronal differentiation through the activation of small GTPases. Although phosphorylation of these GEFs is considered an activation mechanism, little is known about the upstream of PAK-interacting exchange factor (PIX), a member of the Dbl family of GEFs. We report(More)
In a previous study (Shin, E. Y., Shin, K. S., Lee, C. S., Woo, K. N., Quan, S. H., Soung, N. K., Kim, Y. G., Cha, C. I., Kim, S. R., Park, D., Bokoch, G. M., and Kim, E. G. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 44417-44430) we reported that phosphorylation of p85 betaPIX, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for Rac1/Cdc42, is a signal for translocation of the(More)
β-Catenin, a component of Wnt signaling, plays a key role in colorectal carcinogenesis. The phosphorylation status of β-catenin determines its fate and affects its cellular function, and serine 675 (S675) was previously identified as a common target of p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) and protein kinase A. In the present study, we explored the PAK1-specific(More)
We previously showed that p21-activated kinase 2 (PAK2), a major PAK isoform expressed in PC12 cells, mediates neurite outgrowth via Rac1 GTPase. RhoGDI1 forms a complex with Rac1, resulting in its inhibition. Rac1 activation requires dissociation from RhoGDI1. Here, we show that PAK2 mediates basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-stimulated neurite(More)
BACKGROUND Non-muscle myosin II (NM II) regulates a wide range of cellular functions, including neuronal differentiation, which requires precise spatio-temporal activation of Rho GTPases. The molecular mechanism underlying the NM II-mediated activation of Rho GTPases is poorly understood. The present study explored the possibility that NM II regulates(More)
Neuritogenesis requires active actin cytoskeleton rearrangement in which Rho GTPases play a pivotal role. In a previous study (Shin, E. Y., Woo, K. N., Lee, C. S., Koo, S. H., Kim, Y. G., Kim, W. J., Bae, C. D., Chang, S. I., and Kim, E. G. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 1994-2004), we demonstrated that betaPak-interacting exchange factor (betaPIX) guanine(More)
This paper introduces the design and implementation of a novel current cell in current-steering digital-to-analog converter (DAC). The current cell consists of current switch and source which are independently controlled by latch. A sequential switch-on process similar to thermometer decoding is implemented in source to reduce the power consumption. A 12-b(More)
which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. A low power CMOS control circuit is applied in an integrated DC-DC buck converter. The integrated converter is composed of a feedback control circuit and power block with 0.35 μm CMOS process. A current-sensing circuit is(More)
This paper describes the CMOS logic circuit which is composed with LDMOSFET. Compared to a conventional MOSFET, the proposed LDMOSFET is considered to show a high power tolerance in CMOS inverter circuit and be well adaptable in display driver circuits which require high breakdown voltage and trans-conductance. The channel in LDMOSFET encloses a(More)