Chan-Sik Park

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The germinal centre is a dynamic microenvironment where antigen-activated B cells rapidly expand and differentiate, generating plasma cells and memory B cells. These cellular events are accompanied by dramatic changes in the antibody molecules that undergo somatic hypermutation and isotype switching. Follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) are the stromal cells(More)
AIMS We investigated the mechanism by which cannabinoid receptors-1 (CB1) and -2 (CB2) modulate inflammatory activities of macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed the predominant CB2 expression in freshly isolated human monocytes. PMA, a potent inducer of differentiation, upregulated CB1 and increased CB1:CB2 transcript(More)
Factors that control the survival and proliferation of Ag-stimulated B cells within the germinal center (GC) are crucial for humoral immune responses with high affinity Abs against infectious agents. The follicular dendritic cell (FDC) is known as a key cellular component of the GC microenvironment for GC-B cell survival and proliferation. In this study, we(More)
Lipid mediators are emerging as important regulators of the immune system. Based on our previous result that shows strong expression of prostacyclin synthase in the germinal center, we investigated whether prostacyclin would regulate the APC function of B cells. Owing to the very short half-life of prostacyclin in experimental conditions, we used a more(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical features of extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKL) that originates in extranasal sites are less well defined than those of ENKL that originates in nasal sites. Therefore, we compared the clinical characteristics and prognoses of patients with nasal ENKL and patients with extranasal ENKL. METHODS We retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported the prognostic value of tissue-associated magrophages (TAMs) in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). In addition, TAMs are implicated in the tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we examined the prognostic relevance of TAMs in relation to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis in uniformly(More)
The gastrointestinal tract is the most common primary extranodal site for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, there is no consensus on the most appropriate staging system for intestinal DLBCL. We evaluated the utility of the modified Ann Arbor system, the Lugano system, and the Paris staging system (a modification of the Tumor, Node, Metastases(More)
B cell-activating factor of the tumor necrosis factor family (BAFF/BLys) plays a critical role in B cell survival and immune responses through its three receptors: BAFF receptor (BAFF-R/BR3), transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell maturation antigen (BCMA). Using specific antibodies, we have(More)
OBJECTIVES A recent study suggested a prognostic role for the peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) at diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, we investigated the significance of LMR in DLBCL patients in relation to advanced age. METHODS We examined the prognostic impact of LMR in 603 DLBCL treated with rituximab plus(More)
In this study, the authors explored the effect of human mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) implantation on the restoration of degenerative intervertebral discs (IVDs) in the rat. A unique rat coccygeal model was used to investigate the effects of transplanting human MSCs and to examine MSC survival in degenerative discs. MSC implantations into rat coccygeal IVDs(More)