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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with primary and secondary injury. A thorough understanding of secondary injury will help to develop effective treatments and improve patient outcome. In this study, the GM model of controlled cortical impact injury (CCII) of Lighthall (1988) was used with modification to induce lateral TBI in rats. Forebrain(More)
A systematic study of the effects of the synthetic glucocorticoid, methylprednisolone (MP), on respiration and energy coupling in tightly-coupled mitochondria isolated from rat tissues has been initiated. In intact rat skeletal muscle, liver and heart mitochondria, incubation, in vitro, with greater than or equal to 0.1 mM MP caused inhibition of the state(More)
OBJECT Oxygen supply to the brain is often insufficient after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and this results in decreased energy production (adenosine triphosphate [ATP]) with consequent neuronal cell death. It is obviously important to restore oxygen delivery after TBI; however, increasing oxygen delivery alone may not improve ATP production if the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of double balloon catheter for induction of labour in Chinese women with one previous caesarean section and unfavourable cervix at term. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING A regional hospital in Hong Kong. PATIENTS Women with previous caesarean delivery requiring induction of labour at term and(More)
Efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was evaluated following controlled cortical impact injury in rats. Respiratory function and calcium transport of rat forebrain mitochondria from injured and uninjured hemispheres were examined. NAC significantly restored mitochondrial electron transfer,(More)
Initiation of lipid peroxidation in the inner mitochondrial membrane was investigated using respiratory substrates and inhibitors and various iron chelates. An iron chelate was required for initiation of lipid peroxidation in the presence of either NADH or NADPH. The two nicotinamide nucleotides exhibited different activities in initiating lipid(More)
It has been reported that conjugating acyclovir, a potent antiviral with low oral bioavailability, to L-valine increases its urinary excretion in rats. However, it was also reported that this increase is not found for the D-valine ester, suggesting that a carrier-mediated mechanism is involved in its intestinal absorption. Therefore, mechanisms involved in(More)
Complete, reversible forebrain ischemia was induced with a seven-vessel occlusion rat model. Previous studies of ischemic (M. A. Sciamanna, J. Zinkel, A. Y. Fabi, and C. P. Lee, 1992, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1134, 223-232) rat brain mitochondria (RBM) showed that ischemia of 30 min caused an approximately 60% decrease in State 3 respiratory rates with both(More)