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To define the physiological role of IP(3)3-kinase(A) in vivo, we have generated a mouse strain with a null mutation of the IP(3)3-kinase(A) locus by gene targeting. Homozygous mutant mice were fully viable, fertile, apparently normal, and did not show any morphological anomaly in brain sections. In the mutant brain, the IP4 level was significantly decreased(More)
Pulsatile secretion of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is suppressed by alpha-adrenergic antagonists in ovariectomized (OVX) rabbits, thus suggesting that initiation of GnRH pulses requires the presence of norepinephrine (NE) stimulation. Terminals of NE neurons are located in proximity with GnRH cells in the hypothalamus, including the(More)
Although electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely used to treat pain, the optimal frequency of EA therapy remains unclear. The study sought to determine the effect of different EA frequencies in a Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat model of pain. Electric stimulation (ES) at frequencies of 2 Hz, 15 Hz or 100 Hz was applied to the ipsilateral or contralateral sciatic(More)
It is well established that ginseng saponin has positive influences on various neural diseases, but little is known about its electrophysiological effects in the central nervous system. In this study, we examined the electrophysiological effects of ginseng saponin in rat hippocampal slices. Total saponin from ginseng root reduced the slope of fEPSPs (field(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) modulates cardiovascular, feeding and reproductive functions. Peripheral neurohumoral inputs from these systems are integrated and transformed into efferent signals in the brainstem. Detailed mapping of NPY-expressing cells in the brainstem has not been established in primates. In this report we utilized the in situ hybridization (ISH)(More)
We examined the effects of lipopolysaccharide, a bacterial endotoxin, on synaptic plasticity in the rat hippocampal CA1 area in vitro. Lipopolysaccharide suppressed the induction of long-term potentiation elicited by tetanic stimulation and long-term depression, elicited by low-frequency stimulation of Schaffer collateral-commissural fibres at 10 and 50(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to assess whether intubation is more difficult in obese patients and to assess the ability of a new index: the ratio of the neck circumference to thyromental distance (NC/TM), to predict difficult intubation in obese patients. METHODS The incidence of difficult tracheal intubation in 123 obese (BMI≥27.5 kg m(-2)) and(More)
The prevalence of Behcet's disease is the highest in the East Asian and the Mediterranean countries. Behcet's disease is also distributed in the Asian countries, but the nationwide survey has not been performed in Korea yet. The Korean Study Group for Behcet's Disease, founded in 1999, conducted a multicenter, retrospective survey on epidemiologic and(More)
The objective of this study was to monitor the occurrence and levels of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and fumonisin B2 (FB2) in animal feeds distributed in South Korea in 2011. The contamination levels of FB1 and FB2 were investigated in 150 samples of compound feeds and in 40 samples of feed ingredients. The contamination rate of feed ingredients with FB1 and FB2 was(More)
Characterization of the cytoskeleton's viscoelastic properties is essential for understanding cellular dynamics in many biological functions of the cell, especially cell migration. The viscoelastic properties of the retracting NIH 3T3 fibroblasts are investigated here to shed light on the mechanics and dynamics of cell migration. A part of the cell is(More)