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Raw vegetables irrigated with groundwater that may contain enteric viruses can be associated with food-borne viral disease outbreaks. In this study, we performed reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and cell culture-PCR to monitor the occurrence of enteric viruses in groundwater samples and in raw vegetables that were cultivated using that groundwater in(More)
β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), a major component of senile plaques, plays important roles in neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). An array of in vitro and in vivo data indicates that Aβ-induced neuronal death is mediated by oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to investigate effects of sulforaphane (SUL), an isothiocyanate in cruciferous vegetables, on(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) exerts bifunctional effects on cell survival. While a high concentration of NO is cytotoxic, a relatively low concentration of NO promotes cytoprotection and cell survival. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the cytoprotective effect of NO remains poorly understood. One of the transcription factors that confer cellular protection(More)
We report a Notch signal-induced pathway that leads to transcriptional activation of HIF1-alpha gene. HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cell line capable of doxycycline-induced expression of human Notch1-IC was established. The induction of Notch signaling activates HIF1-alpha and its target gene expression in HeLa/rtTAA/TRE-N1-IC cells. Notch signaling enhanced signal(More)
Gastric cancer remains one of the most common forms of cancer worldwide. Unfortunately, most patients will present with advanced-stage disease, and will therefore need palliative chemotherapy. Some chemotherapy regimens have been well established as first-line therapy, and have been shown to increase survival; however, almost all patients with metastatic(More)
Oxidative stress induced by reactive oxygen intermediates has been implicated in a variety of human diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and neurodegenerative disorders. 15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), a terminal dehydration product of prostaglandin D(2), is an endogenous ligand of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma(More)
The analysis of the whole-genome sequences of Vibrio cholerae strains from previous and current cholera pandemics has demonstrated that genomic changes and alterations in phage CTX (particularly in the gene encoding the B subunit of cholera toxin) were major features in the evolution of V. cholerae. Recent studies have revealed the genetic mechanisms in(More)
β-Amyloid (Aβ) is involved in the formation of senile plaques, the typical neuropathological marker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has been reported to cause apoptosis in neurons via oxidative and/or nitrosative stress. In this study, we have investigated the neuroprotective effect and molecular mechanism of [6]-gingerol, a pungent ingredient of ginger(More)
Although vascular dementia is the second leading cause of dementia and often underdiagnosed, there are no drugs yet approved for the treatment of vascular dementia. In this study, it is demonstrated that water extract of Triticum aestivum L. (TALE) and some of its components have protective effects against vascular dementia-induced damage by preserving the(More)
beta-Amyloid (Abeta) peptide, a major component of senile plaques has been regarded to play a crucial role in the development and neuropathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increasing data from in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that Abeta-induced damages in neurons and glia are mediated via nitrosative as well as oxidative stress. Therefore, recent(More)