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OBJECTIVE Lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections are procedures often utilized in the treatment of low back pain associated with radicular pain. Particulate steroids have been known to play a role in embolism. It is, unknown whether nonparticulate steroids are as effective as particulate steroids. To investigate the effect of an epidural steroid(More)
Two novel bacterial strains, designated DOKDO 025(T) and DOKDO 023(T), were isolated on Dokdo Island, Korea, from the rhizosphere of the brown alga Ecklonia kurome. The strains were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomy study and were found to be Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile and orange-coloured. The isolates shared 96.3 % 16S rRNA gene(More)
Aspiration biopsy is a rapid and relatively painless technique for evaluating an abnormal prostate gland. It can be performed on outpatients without anesthesia and is easily tolerated. It sensitivity in detecting cancer is at least equivalent to that of core biopsies, in part because several areas of the prostate may be sampled in a relatively atraumatic(More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) are procedures often utilized in the treatment of radicular pain. TFESIs with a preganglionic approach have been reported to be more effective than TFESIs performed using a classic approach. However, it is unknown whether TFESIs using a retrodiscal approach are as effective as other(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which causes mechanical compression of spinal nerve roots. The compression of these nerve roots can cause low back pain and/or leg pain, as well as neurogenic claudication. Lumbar epidural steroid injections have commonly been used in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). In cases that are(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic low back pain can be a manifestation of lumbar degenerative disease, herniation of intervertebral discs, arthritis, or lumbar stenosis. When nerve roots are compromised, low back pain, with or without lower extremity involvement, may occur. Local inflammatory processes play an important role in patients with acute lumbosciatic pain. The(More)
OBJECTIVE There are several types of lumbar stenosis, such as central, lateral recess, foraminal. The symptoms of lumbar stenosis are neurogenic claudication, numbness, tingling, etc. The treatment modality is medication, physical therapy, intervention, and surgery. The epidural steroid injection has been used for treatment of low back pain/radiculopathy.(More)
Sacral nerve stimulation through the retrograde approach has been used for peroneal or irritable bowel syndrome through the retrograde approach. However, several reasons, lead could not be advanced down ward. In this case, anterograde sacral nerve stimulation through the sacral hiatus could be used. The aim of this report is to present of technique of(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical central stenosis (CCS) is a narrowing of the spinal canal that can cause mechanical compression of the spinal nerve and roots, leading to neck pain and/or radicular pain. Cervical epidural steroid injections are commonly used in the treatment of CCS. After failure of epidural steroid injections, the next sequential step is percutaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Lumbar foraminal spinal stenosis (LFSS) is a narrowing of the bony exit of a nerve root, which causes mechanical compression of spinal nerve roots. Low back pain and/or leg pain, and possibly neurogenic claudication, may result due to mechanical neural compression. Transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs) are commonly used for treating(More)