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Fusarium head blight (FHB) continues to threaten the economic sustainability of many small grain producers in Manitoba by causing losses in grain yield and quality. In this 2-year study, four fungicides were tested on two spring wheat cultivars with different levels of resistance to FHB inoculated with 3ADON and 15ADON chemotypes of Fusarium graminearum.(More)
This paper provides evidence that dietary flavonoids can repair a range of oxidative radical damages on DNA, and thus give protection against radical-induced strand breaks and base alterations. We have irradiated dilute aqueous solutions of plasmid DNA in the absence and presence of flavonoids (F) in a "constant *OH radical scavenging environment", k of 1.5(More)
Positive-negative PCR assays based on the genes involved in the trichothecene biosynthesis pathway are useful in assessing the risk of trichothecene contamination in grain and are important in epidemiological studies. A single PCR detection method based on the structural gene sequence of TRI13 gene has been developed to predict the 3-ADON, 15-ADON and NIV(More)
Fusarium mycotoxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) and nivalenol (NIV) act as virulence factors and are essential for symptom development after initial infection in wheat. To date, 16 genes have been identified in the DON biosynthesis pathway. However, a comparative gene expression analysis in different chemotypes of Fusarium graminearum in response to Fusarium head(More)
Contamination of wheat grains with Fusarium mycotoxins and their modified forms is an important issue in wheat industry. The objective of this study was to analyse the deoxynivalenol (DON) and deoxynivalenol-3-glucosides (D3G) content in Canadian spring wheat cultivars grown in two locations, inoculated with a mixture of 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol(More)
Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans, is a major threat to canola production in Canada. With the exception of China, L. maculans is present in areas around the world where cruciferous crops are grown. The pathogen can cause trade barriers in international canola seed export due to its potential risk as a seed contaminant. The most recent example is(More)
Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Fusarium species is a devastating disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum) worldwide. Mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) produced by Fusarium graminearum negatively affect plant and animal health, and cause significant reductions in grain quantity and quality. Resistant cultivars are the only effective way to control(More)
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