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—The rapidly increasing energy consumption by computing and communications equipment is a significant economic and environmental problem that needs to be addressed. Ethernet network interface controllers (NICs) in the US alone consume hundreds of millions of US dollars in electricity per year. Most Ethernet links are underutilized and link energy… (More)
— Rapidly increasing energy use by computing and communications equipment is a significant problem that needs to be addressed. Ethernet network interface controllers (NICs) consume hundreds of millions of US$ in electricity per year. Most Ethernet links are underutilized and link power consumption can be reduced by operating at lower data rates. An output… (More)
The IT equipment comprising the Internet in the USA uses about $6 billion of electricity every year. Much of this electricity use is wasted on idle, but fully powered-up, desktop PCs and network links. We show how to recover a large portion of the wasted electricity with improved power management methods that are focused on network issues.
Storage, memory, processor, and communications bandwidth are all relatively plentiful and inexpensive. However, a growing expense in the operation of computer networks is electricity usage. Estimates place devices connected to the Internet as consuming about 2%, and growing, of the total electricity produced in the USA—much of this power consumption is… (More)
The Internet and the devices that connect to it consume a growing and significant amount of electricity. The utilization of desktop-to-switch Ethernet links is generally very low and thus there is a potential for energy savings by using an adaptive link rate (ALR) protocol that matches link rate to utilization. In this paper, we design and evaluate a new… (More)
This paper presents a method of improving the bandwidth management controls in the Squid cache server, thus allowing the majority of users to obtain a significantly better performance in a bandwidth-constrained environment. In many countries, the unavailability of sufficient bandwidth results in very slow access to the Internet. This situation is… (More)