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The invasion of neoplastic cells into healthy brain tissue is a pathologic hallmark of gliomas and contributes to the failure of current therapeutic modalities (surgery, radiation and chemotherapy). Transformed glial cells share the common attributes of the invasion process, including cell adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) components, cell locomotion,(More)
Infiltrative astrocytic neoplasms are by far the most common malignant brain tumors in adults. Clinically, they are highly problematic due to their widely invasive nature which makes a complete resection almost impossible. Biologic progression of these tumors is inevitable and adjuvant therapies are only moderately effective in prolonging survival.(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of human T-cell lymphotrophic virus I-associated malignancy. Proteasome inhibitors provide a rational approach to control constitutively activated NF-kappaB in human T-cell lymphotrophic virus I-infected T cells. We report that the proteasome inhibitor PS-341 decreased NF-kappaB DNA(More)
Increased Akt phosphorylation was reported in cancer cell lines and tumor tissues of patients exposed to rapamycin, a response likely contributing to the attenuated antitumor activity of rapamycin. It is, therefore, necessary to develop and validate combination strategies to reverse rapamycin-induced Akt signaling. We now report that Akt activation in(More)
As versatile drug delivery systems, polymeric micelles have demonstrated particular strength in solubilizing hydrophobic anticancer drugs while eliminating the use of toxic organic solvents and surfactants. However, the true promise of polymeric micelles as drug carriers for cancer therapy resides in their potential ability to preferentially elevate drug(More)
A crucial step in metabolomic analysis of cellular extracts is the cell quenching process. The conventional method first uses trypsin to detach cells from their growth surface. This inevitably changes the profile of cellular metabolites since the detachment of cells from the extracellular matrix alters their physiology. This conventional method also(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the promising anticancer efficacy observed in preclinical studies, paclitaxel and tanespimycin (17-AAG) combination therapy has yielded meager responses in a phase I clinical trial. One serious problem associated with paclitaxel/17-AAG combination therapy is the employment of large quantities of toxic organic surfactants and solvents for(More)
17-Allyamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) is a potent anticancer agent currently undergoing phases I and II clinical trials. However, the clinical development of 17-AAG has been hindered by its poor aqueous solubility and hepatotoxicity. This study aimed to devise novel micellar nanocarriers for 17-AAG that improve its solubility and retain the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate multiple molecular pathways vital for the hallmarks of cancer with a high degree of biochemical specificity and potency. By restoring tumor suppressive miRNAs or ablating oncomiRs, miRNA-based therapies can sensitize cancer cells to conventional cytotoxins and the molecularly targeted drugs by promoting apoptosis and autophagy,(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is the central mediator of cellular responses to low oxygen and has recently become an important therapeutic target for solid tumor therapy. Inhibition of HIF-1 is expected to result in the attenuation of hypoxia-inducible genes, which are vital to many aspects of tumor biology, including adaptative responses for survival(More)