Chalet Tan

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Infiltrative astrocytic neoplasms are by far the most common malignant brain tumors in adults. Clinically, they are highly problematic due to their widely invasive nature which makes a complete resection almost impossible. Biologic progression of these tumors is inevitable and adjuvant therapies are only moderately effective in prolonging survival.(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is the central mediator of cellular responses to low oxygen and has recently become an important therapeutic target for solid tumor therapy. Inhibition of HIF-1 is expected to result in the attenuation of hypoxia-inducible genes, which are vital to many aspects of tumor biology, including adaptative responses for survival(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the promising anticancer efficacy observed in preclinical studies, paclitaxel and tanespimycin (17-AAG) combination therapy has yielded meager responses in a phase I clinical trial. One serious problem associated with paclitaxel/17-AAG combination therapy is the employment of large quantities of toxic organic surfactants and solvents for(More)
As versatile drug delivery systems, polymeric micelles have demonstrated particular strength in solubilizing hydrophobic anticancer drugs while eliminating the use of toxic organic solvents and surfactants. However, the true promise of polymeric micelles as drug carriers for cancer therapy resides in their potential ability to preferentially elevate drug(More)
KRAS is the most commonly mutated oncogene in human cancers and is associated with poor prognosis and drug resistance. Let-7 is a family of tumor suppressor microRNAs that are frequently suppressed in solid tumors, where KRAS mutations are highly prevalent. In this study, we investigated the potential use of let-7 as a chemosensitizer. We found that let-7b(More)
The purpose of the study was to devise and evaluate crosslinked nanoassemblies to achieve enhanced drug delivery to tumors. A novel copolymer comprised of polyethylene glycol 5000 (PEG114), Vitamin E (VE) and thioctic acid (TA) with a molar ratio of PEG114:VE:TA at 1:4:4 was synthesized. The resulting PEG114-VE4-TA4 copolymer self-assembled into micelles,(More)
Gemcitabine is a potent anticancer drug approved for the treatment of pancreatic, non-small-cell lung, breast, and ovarian cancers. The major deficiencies of current gemcitabine therapy, however, are its rapid metabolic inactivation and narrow therapeutic window. Herein, we employed polyethylene glycol-b-distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine(More)
The nanotechnology-based therapies have demonstrated great promise in revolutionizing cancer medicine by improving efficacy while reducing the adverse effects. Despite recent progress in newer nanotechnologies, the bench-to-bedside translation of nanotechnology-based therapies is very poor. This theme issue of AAPS PharmSciTech provides a broad overview of(More)
Boron-neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is based on the preferential targeting of tumor cells with (10)B and subsequent irradiation with epithermal neutrons to produce a highly localized field of lethal alpha particles, while sparing neighboring non-targeted cells. BNCT treatment of 9L brain tumors in a rat model using beta-D-5-o-carboranyl-2'-deoxyuridine(More)
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