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The invasion of neoplastic cells into healthy brain tissue is a pathologic hallmark of gliomas and contributes to the failure of current therapeutic modalities (surgery, radiation and chemotherapy). Transformed glial cells share the common attributes of the invasion process, including cell adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) components, cell locomotion,(More)
A crucial step in metabolomic analysis of cellular extracts is the cell quenching process. The conventional method first uses trypsin to detach cells from their growth surface. This inevitably changes the profile of cellular metabolites since the detachment of cells from the extracellular matrix alters their physiology. This conventional method also(More)
Infiltrative astrocytic neoplasms are by far the most common malignant brain tumors in adults. Clinically, they are highly problematic due to their widely invasive nature which makes a complete resection almost impossible. Biologic progression of these tumors is inevitable and adjuvant therapies are only moderately effective in prolonging survival.(More)
Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) plays a major role in the pathogenesis of human T-cell lymphotrophic virus I-associated malignancy. Proteasome inhibitors provide a rational approach to control constitutively activated NF-kappaB in human T-cell lymphotrophic virus I-infected T cells. We report that the proteasome inhibitor PS-341 decreased NF-kappaB DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the promising anticancer efficacy observed in preclinical studies, paclitaxel and tanespimycin (17-AAG) combination therapy has yielded meager responses in a phase I clinical trial. One serious problem associated with paclitaxel/17-AAG combination therapy is the employment of large quantities of toxic organic surfactants and solvents for(More)
The aim of this study was to develop micellar nanocarriers for concomitant delivery of paclitaxel and 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) for cancer therapy. Paclitaxel and 17-AAG were simultaneously loaded into polymeric micelles by a solvent evaporation method. Two candidate nanocarrier constructs, polyethylene glycol-poly(D, L-lactic acid)(More)
Increased Akt phosphorylation was reported in cancer cell lines and tumor tissues of patients exposed to rapamycin, a response likely contributing to the attenuated antitumor activity of rapamycin. It is, therefore, necessary to develop and validate combination strategies to reverse rapamycin-induced Akt signaling. We now report that Akt activation in(More)
As versatile drug delivery systems, polymeric micelles have demonstrated particular strength in solubilizing hydrophobic anticancer drugs while eliminating the use of toxic organic solvents and surfactants. However, the true promise of polymeric micelles as drug carriers for cancer therapy resides in their potential ability to preferentially elevate drug(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate multiple molecular pathways vital for the hallmarks of cancer with a high degree of biochemical specificity and potency. By restoring tumor suppressive miRNAs or ablating oncomiRs, miRNA-based therapies can sensitize cancer cells to conventional cytotoxins and the molecularly targeted drugs by promoting apoptosis and autophagy,(More)