Chakrit Hirunpetcharat

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Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate innate and adaptive immune responses including those against malaria. Although several studies have shown that DC function is normal during malaria, other studies have shown compromised function. To establish why these studies had different findings, we examined DCs from mice infected with two lethal species of parasite,(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of T cells, acting independently of antibodies, to control malaria parasite growth in people has not been defined. If such was shown to be effective, an additional vaccine strategy could be pursued. Our aim was to ascertain whether or not development of cell-mediated immunity to Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage infection could be(More)
Protective cellular immune responses depend on MHC presentation of pathogen-derived Ag fragments. MHC diversity renders this process sensitive to point mutations coding for altered amino acid sequence of the short target Ag-derived peptides epitopes. Thus, in a given host, a pathogen with an altered epitope sequence will be more likely to escape detection(More)
Interaction between different bacterial plaque pathogens and dendritic cells may induce different types of T helper (Th) cell response, which is critical in the pathogenesis of periodontitis. In this study we investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans on human monocyte-derived(More)
Naturally acquired immune response to C-terminal region of Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein1 (PvMSP1) in 200 individuals with recent clinical episodes of malaria from malaria endemic areas along Thai-Myanmar border in the west and Thai-Cambodia border in the east of Thailand was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The(More)
The 19kDa carboxyl-terminal fragment of Plasmodium yoelii merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP1(19)), an analog of the leading falciparum malaria vaccine candidate, induces protective immunity to challenge infection when formulated with complete/incomplete Freund's adjuvant (CFA/IFA), an adjuvant unsuitable for use in humans. In this study, we investigate(More)
Although there is good evidence that immunity to the blood stages of malaria parasites can be mediated by different effector components of the adaptive immune system, target antigens for a principal component, effector CD4(+) T cells, have never been defined. We generated CD4(+) T cell lines to fractions of native antigens from the blood stages of the(More)
Merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1) is the major protein on the surface of the plasmodial merozoite, and its carboxy terminus, the 19-kDa fragment (MSP1(19)), is highly conserved and effective in induction of a protective immune response against malaria parasite infection in mice and monkeys. However, the duration of the immune response has not been(More)
and young children, but rotavirus gastroenteritis in adults is uncommon. In this study, 260 stool samples collected in Thailand from January 2006 to February 2007 from patients, of all ages with acute gastroenteritis, were tested for group A rotavirus and compared with rotavirus infections in children and adults. Rota- virus was detected in 42% of the(More)