Chak-Sing Lau

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Systemic lupus erythematosus is a complex and potentially fatal autoimmune disease, characterized by autoantibody production and multi-organ damage. By a genome-wide association study (320 patients and 1,500 controls) and subsequent replication altogether involving a total of 3,300 Asian SLE patients from Hong Kong, Mainland China, and Thailand, as well as(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that physiologic pacing (dual-chamber or atrial) may be superior to single-chamber (ventricular) pacing because it is associated with lower risks of atrial fibrillation, stroke, and death. These benefits have not been evaluated in a large, randomized, controlled trial. METHODS At 32 Canadian centers, patients without chronic(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of cyclophosphamide and prednisolone is effective for the treatment of severe lupus nephritis but has serious adverse effects. Whether mycophenolate mofetil can be substituted for cyclophosphamide is not known. METHODS In 42 patients with diffuse proliferative lupus nephritis we compared the efficacy and side effects of a(More)
OBJECTIVE The programmed death 1 (PD-1) molecule is a negative regulator of T cells, and a genetic association between PD-1 and systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Caucasians has been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of PDCD1 polymorphisms and haplotypes with RA in the Chinese population. METHODS(More)
In this study, we compared the association of several newly discovered susceptibility genes for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) between populations of European origin and two Asian populations. Using 910 SLE patients and 1440 healthy controls from Chinese living in Hong Kong, and 278 SLE patients and 383 controls in Thailand, we studied association of(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the genetic association of interleukin-10 (IL-10) promoter polymorphisms in Southern Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to investigate possible associations with clinical manifestations of the disease. METHODS DNA was extracted from 88 Chinese patients with SLE and 83 ethnically matched controls. The IL-10(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a higher rate of apoptosis in and secondary necrosis of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and macrophages compared with controls; to compare the rate of macrophage phagocytic clearance of apoptotic PMNs in patients with SLE and healthy controls; to evaluate whether in(More)
The aims were to study the gender differences in clinical manifestations, disease course and organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Clinical manifestations, autoantibody profile, relapses and damage scores were obtained from 51 Chinese males with SLE and compared with 201 consecutive female SLE controls. Fifty-one males were identified among(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic autoimmune disease with complex genetic inheritance. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in BANK1 and TNFSF4 have been shown to be associated with SLE in Caucasian populations, but it is not known whether they are also involved in the disease in other ethnic groups. Recent data from our(More)
The exact patho-aetiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains elusive. An extremely complicated and multifactorial interaction among various genetic and environmental factors is probably involved. Multiple genes contribute to disease susceptibility. The interaction of sex, hormonal milieu, and the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis modifies this(More)