Chaiya Luengviriya

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Prospective motion correction can prevent motion artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. However, for high-resolution imaging, the technique relies on precise tracking of head motion. This precision is often limited by tracking noise, which leads to residual errors in the prospectively-corrected k-space data and artifacts in the image. This(More)
Two kinds of scroll wave instabilities were studied experimentally in the excitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction: three-dimensional meandering and negative line tension of the scroll wave filament. The filament displays a flat zigzag shape in the initial stages of the experiment. As the chemical medium ages, the filament assumes a wiggly shape while its(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the effect of gradient nonlinearity and develop a method for correction of gradient nonlinearity artifacts in prospective motion correction (Mo-Co). METHODS Nonlinear gradients can induce geometric distortions in magnetic resonance imaging, leading to pixel shifts with errors of up to several millimeters, thereby interfering with(More)
Prospective motion correction can effectively fix the imaging volume of interest. For large motion, this can lead to relative motion of coil sensitivities, distortions associated with imaging gradients and B 0 field variations. This work accounts for the B 0 field change due to subject movement, and proposes a method for correcting tissue magnetic(More)
A method to prepare a uniform thin layer of a batch Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction under oxygen-free conditions for the study of an isolated spiral wave is presented. After a first layer of gel soaked with the BZ solution has been delivered into the reactor, a single spiral wave was initiated, and finally the remaining reactor volume was filled with gel(More)
The stability of the orientation of scroll rings in the excitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction under an applied electrical current was investigated in experiments and simulations. The parallel and antiparallel orientations of the scroll ring unit vector with respect to the current are two stationary states, the first one unstable, the latter stable. For(More)
When scroll rings in the excitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction are subjected to an applied electrical current, a reorientation of the scroll ring is induced which is accompanied by a linear drift towards the cathode. The findings can be explained using a modified theory of local filament dynamics under parameter gradients. Numerical simulations using the(More)
An investigation on the influence of initial concentration of H 2 SO 4 on the dynamics of a bubble-free Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction both in well-stirred and unstirred solutions is presented. This reaction has an advantage over the classical BZ reaction, as any disturbance of the system by CO 2 bubbles is avoided. For [H 2 SO 4 ] ≥ 250 mM,(More)
We present experimental observations on the electrically forced release of spiral waves pinned to unexcitable circular obstacles in the Belosov-Zhabotinsky reaction. When the applied electric current density reaches the necessary current density J(unpin), the spiral tip is detached and subsequently drifts away from the obstacle. J(unpin) is found to(More)
We present an investigation on the breakup of free and pinned spiral waves under an applied electrical current in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. Spiral fronts propagating towards the negative electrode are decelerated. A breakup of the spiral waves occurs when some segments of the fronts are stopped by a sufficiently strong electrical current. In the(More)