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By reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemistry, MGSA-alpha, -beta, -gamma, and CXCR2 mRNA expression and proteins are detected in 7 out of 10 human melanoma lesions. The biological consequence of constitutive expression of the MGSA/GRO chemokine in immortalized melanocytes was tested in SCID(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is frequently expressed in tumors of epithelial origin, is an important determinant of tumor responses to ionizing radiation. Elevated EGFR expression and activity frequently correlate with tumor resistance to radiotherapy in patients. EGFR is thought to confer tumor resistance to radiation through the(More)
Non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) bearing mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) often exhibit dramatic sensitivity to the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. Ionizing radiation (IR) is frequently used in the treatment of NSCLC, but little is known how lung tumor-acquired EGFR(More)
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an important determinant of radioresponse, whose elevated expression and activity frequently correlates with radioresistance in several cancers, including non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). We reported recently that NSCLC cell lines harboring somatic, activating mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain (TKD)(More)
Glyceryl prostaglandins (PG-Gs) are generated by the oxygenation of the endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonylglycerol, by cyclooxygenase 2. The biological consequences of this selective oxygenation are uncertain because the cellular activities of PG-Gs have yet to be defined. We report that the glyceryl ester of PGE(2), PGE(2)-G, triggers rapid,(More)
The aflatoxin B1 content of liver tissue was measured in patients who died from chronic liver disease [hepatocellular carcinoma (HCG) (5), schistosomal liver fibrosis (1), chronic aggressive hepatitis (1)] and compared with fifteen controls who died of motor traffic accidents (10), drowning (1), malnutrition (1), idiopathic cardiomegaly (1) and lung(More)
Recently, we have shown that CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling plays an important role in gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer (PC) cells. Here, we explored the effect of gemcitabine on this resistance mechanism. Our data demonstrate that gemcitabine induces CXCR4 expression in two PC cell lines (MiaPaCa and Colo357) in a dose- and time-dependent manner.(More)
The synthesis and phosphorylation of protein factor(s) that bind to the positive cis-acting element (-69 to -98 nt) of the CYP2B1/B2 gene have been examined in vivo in the rat. Treatment of rats with cycloheximide, a protein synthetic inhibitor, suppresses basal as well as phenobarbitone-induced levels of CYP2B1/B2 mRNA and its run-on transcription. Under(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most lethal type of DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation or chemotherapeutic drugs used to eradicate cancer cells. The ability of cancer cells to effectively repair DSBs significantly influences the outcome of therapeutic regimens. Therefore, a new and important area of clinical cancer research is the development(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are the most deleterious lesion inflicted by ionizing radiation. Although DSBs are potentially carcinogenic, it is not clear whether complex DSBs that are refractory to repair are more potently tumorigenic compared with simple breaks that can be rapidly repaired, correctly or incorrectly, by mammalian cells. We previously(More)