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To compare the attitudes of physicians towards withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments in intensive care units (ICUs) in low-middle-income Asian countries and regions with those in high-income ones, and to explore differences in the role of families and surrogates, legal risks, and financial considerations between these countries and regions.(More)
In 61 patients with nocturnal asthma, the effects of budesonide, an inhaled steroid (Pulmicort; 200 micrograms twice daily), long-acting theophylline (Theodur; 200 mg twice daily), and their combination were compared. After a 2-week placebo run-in period, the patients were entered into double-blind, crossover periods of 3 weeks. Patients were allowed to use(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent endogenous proinflammatory mediator implicated in the pathogenesis of septic shock. A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial of an intravenous PAF receptor antagonist (lexipafant) was conducted with 131 adult Thai patients with suspected severe sepsis (66 of whom had positive blood cultures). Detailed(More)
BACKGROUND Blood lactate level increases in response to tissue hypoxia and this level is currently used to monitor shock management. To obtain the arterial lactate value in clinical practice is a time consuming process. Our previous study demonstrated good correlation between the capillary lactate determined by a portable lactate analyzer and the standard(More)
BACKGROUND Northern Thailand's biggest botulism outbreak to date occurred on 14 March 2006 and affected 209 people. Of these, 42 developed respiratory failure, and 25 of those who developed respiratory failure were referred to 9 high facility hospitals for treatment of severe respiratory failure and autonomic nervous system involvement. Among these(More)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a clinical syndrome the clinical diagnosis of which is unreliable and objective tests often require specialized testing facilities. The authors examined the diagnostic accuracy of the whole blood agglutination D-dimer (SimpliRED) test in this condition. Patients who presented with acute onset of leg swelling were included in(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac output (CO) is an important hemodynamic parameter during sepsis and septic shock resuscitation. Conventionally, this value is obtained at bedside by the thermodilution technique, which requires a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Estimated Continuous Cardiac Output (esCCO, Nihon Kohden, Japan) calculated from pulse-wave transit time (PWTT)(More)
In order to evaluate and compare the predictive ability of the APACHE II (Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II) and the SAPS (Simplified Acute Physiology Score) scoring systems in relation to outcome in a medical intensive care unit (ICU). The authors reviewed consecutive medical ICU admissions (n = 482) at a tertiary hospital over a 2-year(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac arrhythmia is an important complication of critically ill patients, especially in perioperative period and early after myocardial infarction. However, the information regarding this condition in medical critically ill without active coronary artery disease patients is limited. OBJECTIVE To identify the predictive factors, incidence, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the correlation between vascular pedicle widths (VPW) measured from portable chest roentgenogram (CXR) and intravascular volume status in Thai critically ill patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD A prospective cohort study included the critically ill patients in whom pulmonary artery catheter was placed in the Medical Intensive Care Units of(More)