Chairat Permpikul

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BACKGROUND Blood lactate level increases in response to tissue hypoxia and this level is currently used to monitor shock management. To obtain the arterial lactate value in clinical practice is a time consuming process. Our previous study demonstrated good correlation between the capillary lactate determined by a portable lactate analyzer and the standard(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent endogenous proinflammatory mediator implicated in the pathogenesis of septic shock. A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial of an intravenous PAF receptor antagonist (lexipafant) was conducted with 131 adult Thai patients with suspected severe sepsis (66 of whom had positive blood cultures). Detailed(More)
To compare the attitudes of physicians towards withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatments in intensive care units (ICUs) in low-middle-income Asian countries and regions with those in high-income ones, and to explore differences in the role of families and surrogates, legal risks, and financial considerations between these countries and regions.(More)
BACKGROUND Authors of recent meta-analyses have reported that prolonged glucocorticoid treatment is associated with significant improvements in patients with severe pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) of multifactorial etiology. A prospective randomized trial limited to patients with sepsis-associated ARDS is lacking. The objective of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of daily bathing with 2% chlorhexidine-impregnated washcloths in preventing multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-positive bacterial colonization and bloodstream infection. METHODS A randomized, open-label controlled trial was conducted in 4 medical intensive care units (ICUs) in Thailand from December 2013 to January(More)
Radionuclide venography (RNV) and contrast venography (CV) were compared in 72 limbs of 59 patients being clinically suspected of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities. The criteria of positive RNV for DVT regarding flow pattern abnormality included (1) nonfilling or nonvisualization of a deep vein, (2) interruption of the flow, (3) irregular(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac arrhythmia is an important complication of critically ill patients, especially in perioperative period and early after myocardial infarction. However, the information regarding this condition in medical critically ill without active coronary artery disease patients is limited. OBJECTIVE To identify the predictive factors, incidence, and(More)
BACKGROUND Northern Thailand's biggest botulism outbreak to date occurred on 14 March 2006 and affected 209 people. Of these, 42 developed respiratory failure, and 25 of those who developed respiratory failure were referred to 9 high facility hospitals for treatment of severe respiratory failure and autonomic nervous system involvement. Among these(More)
In 61 patients with nocturnal asthma, the effects of budesonide, an inhaled steroid (Pulmicort; 200 micrograms twice daily), long-acting theophylline (Theodur; 200 mg twice daily), and their combination were compared. After a 2-week placebo run-in period, the patients were entered into double-blind, crossover periods of 3 weeks. Patients were allowed to use(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that reperfusion of the canine lung after 1 week of vascular occlusion results in acute injury of the reperfused lung with concurrent impairment in gas exchange. METHODOLOGY In 11 conditioned dogs, the left pulmonary artery was completely occluded by a vascular clip placed at thoracotomy. One week later, at repeat(More)