Chai-lin Kao

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In vitro catalytic activity of DesVII, the glycosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of methymycin, neomethymycin, narbomycin, and pikromycin in Streptomyces venezuelae, is described. This is the first report of demonstrated in vitro activity of a glycosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of macrolide antibiotics. DesVII is unique among(More)
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme catalyzing the opening of the cyclopropane ring of ACC to give alpha-ketobutyric acid and ammonia as the products. This ring cleavage reaction is unusual because the substrate, ACC, contains no abstractable alpha-proton and the carboxyl group is retained in(More)
UNLABELLED [Cu(Y)((G:2-6)-dendri-PAMAM-(Py)(n))](2Y+) complexes (3) were prepared, and their ability to generate oxygen radical anions was investigated. The maximum catalytic efficiency (k'(cat)/K(M)) was found to be 0.32 min(-1)·μM(-1), and a positive dendritic effect was observed. The saturated kinetics revealed that the improved catalytic efficiency(More)
The electron-attachment-induced proton transfer in the guanine-cytosine (G:C) base pair is thought to be relevant to the issues of charge transport and radiation damage in DNA. However, our understanding on the reaction mainly comes from the data of isolated bases and base pairs, and the behavior of the reaction in the DNA duplex is not clear. In the(More)
In the search for proteases that are stable in organic solvents for peptide synthesis [Wong & Wang 1991; Gupta 1992; Waks, 1986; Dordick, 1992.], several authors demonstrated that it is possible to use proteases to catalyze peptide synthesis in organic solvents [Affleck, et al., Kise & Tomiuchi, 1991; Nagashima et al., 1992.]. That the alkaline protease(More)
The two essential structural components of macrolide antibiotics are the polyketide aglycone and the appended sugars. The aglycone formation is catalyzed by polyketide synthase (PKS), and glycosylation is catalyzed by an appropriate glycosyltransferase. Although it has been shown that glycosylation occurs after the cyclic aglycone is released from PKS, it(More)
Cisplatin, Pt(NH3)2Cl2, is a leading chemotherapeutic agent that has been widely used for various cancers. Recent experiments show that combining cisplatin and electron sources can dramatically enhance DNA damage and the cell-killing rate and, therefore, is a promising way to overcome the side effects and the resistance of cisplatin. However, the molecular(More)
A series of novel pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) hybrids linked with enediyne is described. These compounds were prepared by linking C-8 of DC-81 (1) with an enediyne (10-16) through carbon chain linkers to afford PBD hybrid agents 17-23 in good yields. Most of the hybrids on human cancer cell lines exhibited higher cytotoxicity, and an increase in(More)
A facile alloy-dealloy technique performed in aqueous media was employed to prepare a nanoporous gold (NPG) electrode that demonstrated extremely high sensitivity toward hydrazine oxidation. An Ag(∼60)Au(∼40) alloy was electrodeposited at a constant potential on sequentially Cr- and Au-deposited indium tin oxide (Au/Cr/ITO) from a bath that contained(More)