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In vitro catalytic activity of DesVII, the glycosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of methymycin, neomethymycin, narbomycin, and pikromycin in Streptomyces venezuelae, is described. This is the first report of demonstrated in vitro activity of a glycosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of macrolide antibiotics. DesVII is unique among(More)
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme catalyzing the opening of the cyclopropane ring of ACC to give alpha-ketobutyric acid and ammonia as the products. This ring cleavage reaction is unusual because the substrate, ACC, contains no abstractable alpha-proton and the carboxyl group is retained in(More)
The two essential structural components of macrolide antibiotics are the polyketide aglycone and the appended sugars. The aglycone formation is catalyzed by polyketide synthase (PKS), and glycosylation is catalyzed by an appropriate glycosyltransferase. Although it has been shown that glycosylation occurs after the cyclic aglycone is released from PKS, it(More)
In this study, we present density functional theory calculations on the properties of proton transfer and electron binding in isolated, mono-, di-, and pentahydrated 9-methylguanine:1-methylcytosine (mG:mC) base pair radical anions. It was found that the proton transfer in mG:mC(*-) is coupled to the interbase propeller-twisting and stretching motions,(More)
[chemical reaction: see text]. To study the catalysis of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) isomerase type II from Staphylococcus aureus, which is a flavoprotein catalyzing the interconversion of IPP and dimethylallyl diphosphate, we have chemically synthesized (S)- and (R)-[2-2H]IPP and carried out stereochemical analysis of the reaction. Our results show that(More)
A facile alloy-dealloy technique performed in aqueous media was employed to prepare a nanoporous gold (NPG) electrode that demonstrated extremely high sensitivity toward hydrazine oxidation. An Ag(∼60)Au(∼40) alloy was electrodeposited at a constant potential on sequentially Cr- and Au-deposited indium tin oxide (Au/Cr/ITO) from a bath that contained(More)
A series of 11-alkoxylated and 11-aminated benzofuro[2,3-b]quinoline derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their anti-TB and cytotoxic activities. The known 11-chlorobenzofuro[2,3-b]quinoline (3) was synthesized in a single step from anthranilic acid and 2-coumaranone in phosphorus oxychloride in 51% yield for the first time. Treatment(More)
A concise solid-phase synthesis of inverse poly(amidoamine) dendrons was developed. Upon introduction of AB2-type monomers, each dendron generation was constructed via one reaction. G2 to G5 dendrons were constructed in a peptide synthesizer in 93%, 89%, 82%, and 78% yields, respectively, within 5 days.
A number of 6-aryl-11-iminoindeno[1,2-c]quinoline derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their antiproliferative activities. Among them, (E)-6-{4-[3-(dimethylamino)propoxy]phenyl}-2-fluoro-9-hydroxy-11H-indeno[1,2-c]quinolin-11-one O-3-(dimethylamino)propyl oxime (23a) was the most active, exhibited GI(50) values of 0.64, 0.39, 0.55, 0.67, and(More)