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Mitochondria play important roles in tumor cell physiology and survival by providing energy and metabolites for proliferation and metastasis. As part of their oncogenic status, cancer cells frequently produce increased levels of mitochondrial-generated reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, extensive stimulation of ROS generation in mitochondria has been(More)
We have achieved an efficient solution-phase parallel synthesis of a library of natural piper-amide-like compounds from the bifunctional β-phosphono-N-hydroxy-succinimidyl ester intermediate. The primary important feature in our study is the construction of natural-product-like molecules through the adaptation of sophisticated organic reactions that create(More)
Sphingomyelinase catalyzes the hydrolysis of sphingomyelin to generate ceramide, an important molecule involved in the regulation of various cellular responses. In this study, we partially purified the neutral sphingomyelinase2 (nSMase2) and identified the inhibitors, D-lyxophytosphingosine and D-arabino-phytosphingosine, which have an inhibitory effect on(More)
Exploratory SAR studies of a new phenyl indole chemotype for p97 inhibition revealed C-5 indole substituent effects in the ADPGlo assay that did not fully correlate with either electronic or steric factors. A focused series of methoxy-, trifluoromethoxy-, methyl-, trifluoromethyl-, pentafluorosulfanyl-, and nitro-analogues was found to exhibit IC50s from(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles have been intensively investigated as MRI probes due to the noninvasive detection of in vivo pathological changes. In the study, a nanosized system for SPIO delivery to a tumor was prepared to overcome the common challenges of SPIO nanoparticles such as insufficient uptake of SPIO by specific cells due to(More)
Haliclonin A (1), a macrocyclic diamide of a novel skeletal class, was isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp. collected from Korean waters. The structure of this compound was determined using a combination of spectroscopic and chemical analyses. The new compound exhibited moderate cytotoxicity and antibacterial activity against diverse microbial(More)
A polyelectrolyte ionomer complex (PIC) composed of cationic and anionic polymers was developed for nanomedical applications. Here, a poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene imine) triblock copolymer (PEG-PLA-PEI) and a poly(aspartic acid) (P[Asp]) homopolymer were synthesized. These polyelectrolytes formed stable aggregates through(More)
Discovering compounds and mechanisms for inhibiting ferroptosis, a form of regulated, nonapoptotic cell death, has been of great interest in recent years. In this study, we demonstrate the ability of XJB-5-131, JP4-039, and other nitroxide-based lipid peroxidation mitigators to prevent ferroptotic cell death in HT-1080, BJeLR, and panc-1 cells. Several(More)
Porphyrins are used for photodynamic therapy for their light-absorbing properties, and some of them were approved for the treatment of certain types of cancers. Porphyrins prevent activation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) by inhibiting heat shock protein 90 (HSP90). This study investigated the structural requirements within protoporphyrin IX (PPIX)(More)
Nanotechnology has been applied to the oral drug delivery for enhancing bioavailability after oral administration. Numerous forms of reported nanomedicines are classified as lipid based nanomedicine (LBNM), polymer based nanomedicine (PBNM), and nanosuspension. LBNM includes self nano-emulsifying drug delivery systems, liposomes and solid lipid nanoparticle(More)