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The effects of carbachol on rat neostriatal neurons were examined in the slice and the freshly dissociated neuron preparations using intracellular and whole-cell voltage-clamp recording methods. Superfusion of carbachol (30 microM) produced a depolarization concomitant with an increase in the rate of spontaneous action potentials. This depolarization was(More)
Cocaine addiction is associated with high rates of relapse, and stress has been identified as a major risk factor. We have previously demonstrated that acupuncture reduces drug self-administration and dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a brain structure implicated in stress-induced reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior. This study was(More)
Clinical trials are currently underway to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of drug addiction. While there are still many unanswered questions about the basic mechanisms of acupuncture, some evidence exists to suggest that acupuncture can play an important role in reducing reinforcing effects of abused drugs. The purpose of this(More)
Glycyrrhizae radix (licorice) comprises a variety of flavonoids as major constituents including isoliquiritigenin, liquiritin, liquiritigenin, and glycyrrihizin. It has shown various biological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and antihistamic. As very little is known in regard to drug addiction, we carried out a study on the effect(More)
Our recent study demonstrated that carbachol can act at M1-like muscarinic receptors to reduce the membrane K+ conductance and excite the neostriatal neurons. In the present study, we further studied the molecular mechanism by which carbachol induced inward currents in neostriatal neurons. In acutely isolated neostriatal neurons held at-60 mV, pressure(More)
The effect of dopamine (DA) on excitatory synaptic transmission was studied in rat neostriatal neurons using intracellular- and whole-cell voltage clamp-recording methods. Depolarizing excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) were evoked by cortical stimulation. Superfusion of DA (0.01-10 microM) reversibly decreases EPSP in a concentration-dependent(More)
Clinical trials are currently underway to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture in the treatment of drug abuse. However, there are still many unanswered questions about the basic mechanisms of acupuncture. Studies have shown that the GABA(B) receptor system may play a significant modulatory role in the mesolimbic system in drug abuse, including(More)
BACKGROUND Withdrawal from chronic ethanol enhances ventral tegmental area (VTA) GABA neuron excitability and reduces mesolimbic dopamine (DA) neurotransmission, which is suppressed by acupuncture at Shenmen (HT7) points (Zhao et al., 2006). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of HT7 acupuncture on VTA GABA neuron excitability, ethanol(More)
Previous reports have shown that the methanol extract and the essential oil from Acori graminei Rhizoma (AGR) inhibited excitotoxic neuronal cell death in primary cultured rat cortical cells. In the present study, an active principle was isolated from the methanol extract by biological activity-guided fractionations and identified as asarone. We evaluated(More)
Many studies have shown that acupuncture can contribute to the biochemical balance in the central nervous system and maintenance or recovery of homeostasis. It is well known that chronic administration of ethanol may produce depletion or sensitization of extracellular dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens. The present study was designed to investigate(More)