Chad Walter Drake

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This study investigated salivary levels of Streptococcus mutans, lactobacilli, and caries experience in a random sample of 448 black and 362 white older dentate adults living in North Carolina. Significant proportions of the participants had stimulated salivary flow rates less than 1.0 mL/min, salivary buffering capacity less than 4.0, S. mutans levels of(More)
A random sample of 1019 elderly home dwelling persons participated in this study. There were 809 dentate respondents, 28.6% of whom wore removable partial dentures. They were examined for coronal and root caries, gingival recession, pocket depth and loss of gingival attachment. The removable partial dentures were also evaluated. Abutment teeth were found to(More)
The distribution and determinants of tooth loss in older adults are poorly defined, especially in Blacks, who have been underrepresented in previous studies. This study investigated, epidemiologically, the distribution and predictors of tooth loss in elder Blacks and Whites by following a random sample of older adults in North Carolina for three years. It(More)
The data presented in this paper are from the Piedmont 65+ Dental Study (1988-1991), designed to assess the levels of coronal and root caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, and a variety of dental health-related needs among a representative sample of 234 black and 218 white noninstitutionalized older adults in North Carolina. Of the 452 subjects followed(More)
The longevity of 1,207 restorations placed by students was studied in 70 adult patients. The overall percentage of restorations lasting ten years or more (P10) was 75.4 percent and survival times were longer than in most previous restoration longevity studies. Cast restorations lasted significantly longer than amalgams, which in turn lasted significantly(More)
  • C W Drake
  • 1988
This study determined if the survival time of restorations in maxillary and mandibular teeth differed in a group of 71 patients. The 1,232 restorations were placed by a dental school clinic in a 29-year period. There were no significant systematic differences in the survival time of restorations in maxillary and mandibular molars, premolars, and canines.(More)
The baseline root caries prevalence of 809 dentate black and white home-dwelling North Carolinians over age 65 was determined along with the collection of a large number of demographic and behavioral, clinical, and microbiological variables in the longitudinal Piedmont over-age-65 Dental Study. In comparison to other studies of older adults, the prevalence(More)
A random sample of 809 dentate, home-dwelling people 65 years of age or older participated in a study to determine the prevalence of dental diseases in the elderly. Part of the study investigated the determinants of coronal caries and root fragments in these older adults. Using a wide array of potentially explanatory variables available, logistic regression(More)
In this longitudinal study of a random sample of North Carolinians over the age of 65 and living in their homes, 325 blacks and 280 whites were examined and interviewed 18 months after baseline examinations. Coronal caries incidence was greater among whites than blacks. The increment due to teeth becoming root fragments were similar for both races; however,(More)
In a random sample of subgingival dental plaque samples from 375 blacks and 300 whites aged 65 and older, immunofluorescence assays for 3 target pathogens including Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Prevotella intermedia, and BANA enzyme analysis were carried out. Blacks had significantly greater proportions of P.(More)