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It has been reported that 30% calorie restriction (CR) for 3 mo results in large increases in mitochondrial biogenesis in heart, brain, liver, and adipose tissue, with concomitant increases in respiration and ATP synthesis. We found these results surprising, and performed this study to determine whether 30% CR does induce an increase in mitochondria in(More)
Reviewers The Publications Committee of the American Physiological Society gratefully acknowledges the services of the following reviewers who assisted the Editorial Board in the reviews of manuscripts. (invited only) have specific instructions that you should review if you are submitting to them. The American Physiological Society (APS) Journals seek(More)
The transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) has been identified as an inducible regulator of mitochondrial function. Skeletal muscle PGC-1alpha expression is induced post-exercise. Therefore, we sought to determine its role in the regulation of muscle fuel metabolism. Studies were(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND The worldwide prevalence of obesity has lead to increased efforts to find therapies to treat obesity-related pathologies. Ceramide is a well-established mediator of several health problems that arise from adipose tissue expansion. The purpose of this study was to determine whether AICAR, an AMPK-activating drug, selectively reduces(More)
It has been hypothesized that insulin resistance is mediated by a deficiency of mitochondria in skeletal muscle. In keeping with this hypothesis, high-fat diets that cause insulin resistance have been reported to result in a decrease in muscle mitochondria. In contrast, we found that feeding rats high-fat diets that cause muscle insulin resistance results(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that oxygen consumption and fat oxidation remain elevated in the postexercise period. The purpose of this study was to determine whether malonyl-CoA, an inhibitor of fatty acid oxidation, remains depressed in muscle after exercise. Rats were sprinted for 5 min (40 m/min, 5% grade) or run for 30 min (21 m/min, 15% grade).(More)
A number of studies have reported that a high-fat diet induces increases in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation enzymes in muscle. In contrast, in two recent studies raising plasma free fatty acids (FFA) resulted in a decrease in mitochondria. In this work, we reevaluated the effects of raising FFA on muscle mitochondrial biogenesis and capacity for fat(More)
The activity of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) increases during muscle contractions as a result of elevated AMP concentration. We tested whether activation of AMPK would be altered during contractions in adenylate kinase (AK) 1-deficient (AK1-/-) mice, because they have a reduced capacity to form AMP. The right gastrocnemius-soleus-plantaris muscle(More)
BACKGROUND It has been proposed that muscle insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes is due to a selective decrease in the components of the mitochondrial electron transport chain and results from accumulation of toxic products of incomplete fat oxidation. The purpose of the present study was to test this hypothesis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Rats were(More)
Receptor interacting protein 1 (RIP140) has recently been demonstrated to be a key player in the regulation of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content. We have shown that β-guanadinopropionic acid (β-GPA) feeding reduces RIP140 protein content and mRNA levels concomitant with increases in mitochondrial content (Williams DB, Sutherland LN, Bomhof MR, Basaraba(More)