Chad M. Brummett

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BACKGROUND The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that dexmedetomidine added to ropivacaine would increase the duration of antinociception to a thermal stimulus in a dose-dependent fashion in a rat model of sciatic nerve blockade. METHODS Fifty adult Sprague-Dawley rats (10 rats/group) received unilateral sciatic nerve blocks with 0.2 ml(More)
BACKGROUND The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that high-dose dexmedetomidine added to local anesthetic would increase the duration of sensory and motor blockade in a rat model of sciatic nerve blockade without causing nerve damage. METHODS Thirty-one adult Sprague-Dawley rats received bilateral sciatic nerve blocks with either 0.2 ml(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The concept of opioid-induced hyperalgesia has recently gained prominence as a contributing factor for opioid tolerance and long-term treatment failure. But whereas the preclinical data for this phenomenon are strong, the mixed clinical data derive primarily from experimental pain models conducted in volunteers and heroin addicts,(More)
BACKGROUND The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that the increased duration of analgesia caused by adding dexmedetomidine to local anesthetic results from blockade of the hyperpolarization-activated cation (I(h)) current. METHODS In this randomized, blinded, controlled study, the analgesic effects of peripheral nerve blocks using 0.5%(More)
BACKGROUND Buprenorphine, a partial μ-opioid receptor agonist and κ-opioid receptor antagonist, is an effective analgesic. The effects of buprenorphine on sleep have not been well characterized. This study tested the hypothesis that an antinociceptive dose of buprenorphine decreases sleep and decreases adenosine concentrations in regions of the basal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that perineural dexmedetomidine provides a longer duration of analgesia than the same dose given subcutaneously in a peripheral nerve block in rats. METHODS Fifty-four rats received unilateral sciatic nerve blocks along with a subcutaneous injection at the base of the neck by(More)
OBJECTIVE While psychosocial factors have been associated with poorer outcomes after knee and hip arthroplasty, we hypothesized that augmented pain perception, as occurs in conditions such as fibromyalgia, may account for decreased responsiveness to primary knee and hip arthroplasty. METHODS A prospective, observational cohort study was conducted.(More)
Ropivacaine has been associated with transient heat hyperalgesia in sciatic nerve blocks in rat. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the hypothesized presence of transient heat hyperalgesia after perineural injection of ropivacaine with a secondary subanalysis of 2 published studies. Paw withdrawal latency was used to assess the duration of(More)
Numerous studies have shown an association between smoking and pain, with smokers reporting more pain and worse functioning. However, little is known about factors that impact this complex relationship. This study investigated the association between smoking, pain, and depressive symptoms. Participants were new patients seen at a multidisciplinary pain(More)
Few studies have assessed postoperative trends in opioid cessation and predictors of persistent opioid use after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). Preoperatively, 574 TKA and THA patients completed validated, self-report measures of pain, functioning, and mood and were longitudinally assessed for 6 months after surgery. Among(More)