Chad H. Stahl

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Salmonella is a foodborne pathogenic bacterium that causes human illnesses and morbidity and mortality in swine. Bacteriophages are viruses that prey on bacteria and are naturally found in many microbial environments, including the gut of food animals, and have been suggested as a potential intervention strategy to reduce Salmonella levels in the live(More)
A phytase gene (appA) from Escherichia coli was cloned into Streptomyces lividans and expressed as an extracellular protein which was then compared with the same enzyme expressed in Pichia pastoris. The phytase expressed in S. lividans was not glycosylated and had a molecular mass of 45 kDa. Compared with the glycosylated phytase expressed in P. pastoris,(More)
To develop an effective fermentation system for producing Escherichia coliphytase AppA2, we expressed the enzyme in three inducible yeast systems: Saccharomyces cerevisiae (pYES2), Schizosaccharomyces pombe (pDS472a), and Pichia pastoris (pPICZ αA), and one constitutive system: P. pastoris (pGAPZαA). All four systems produced an extracellular functional(More)
We have recently expressed a new phytase enzyme in a yeast system. Three experiments with a total of 140 weanling crossbred pigs were conducted to examine the efficacy of this enzyme in improving the bioavailability of phytate-P in corn-soybean meal diets to young pigs. Experiment 1 compared the efficacy of this new phytase with a commercially available(More)
Dietary phytase supplementation improves bioavailabilities of phytate-bound minerals such as P, Ca, and Zn to pigs, but its effect on Fe utilization is not clear. The efficacy of phytase in releasing phytate-bound Fe and P from soybean meal in vitro and in improving dietary Fe bioavailability for hemoglobin repletion in young, anemic pigs was examined. In(More)
Although mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and satellite cells are essential for postnatal muscle and bone development and phosphate (PO(4)) restriction reduces both muscle and skeletal tissue growth, no research to our knowledge has investigated the possible mechanism by which this mineral may affect early cell programming. Twenty piglets obtained at 1 d of age(More)
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is one of the leading causes of bacterial enteric infections worldwide, causing ∼100,000 illnesses, 3,000 hospitalizations, and 90 deaths annually in the United States alone. These illnesses have been linked to consumption of contaminated animal products and vegetables. Currently, other than thermal inactivation,(More)
Microarray technology is now available for many livestock species, and animal scientists are beginning to utilize the technology to address issues of importance to animal agriculture. This review discusses how microarray technology has been applied to study global gene expression changes in skeletal muscle. For example, microarrays have been used to(More)
Phytic acid, a major phosphorous storage compound found in foodstuffs, is known to form insoluble complexes with nutritionally essential minerals, including zinc (Zn). Phytases are enzymes that catalyze the removal of these minerals from phytic acid, improving their bioavailability. The objective of the present study was to determine the ability of dietary(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The clinical onset and severity of intestinal disorders in humans and animals can be profoundly impacted by early life stress. Here we investigated the impact of early weaning stress in pigs on intestinal physiology, clinical disease, and immune response to subsequent challenge with enterotoxigenic F18 E. coli (ETEC). METHODOLOGY Pigs(More)