Chad E. Darling

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Emerging evidence suggests that restoration of blood flow in a stuttering manner may limit lethal myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the mechanisms contributing to this phenomenon, termed postconditioning (post-C), remain poorly defined. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that activation of classic "survival kinases," phosphatidylinositol(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to establish whether the efficacy of post-conditioning is maintained in aging hearts. BACKGROUND Post-conditioning, or relief of myocardial ischemia in a stuttered manner, has been shown to reduce infarct size, in part because of up-regulation of survival kinases (extracellular-signal regulated kinase [ERK] 1/2 or PI3-kinase/Akt)(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine age-specific differences in clinical presentation, receipt of therapeutic practices and lifestyle recommendations, and hospital and long-term survival in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure HF. DESIGN Population-based study. SETTING The Worcester Heart Failure Study, a population-based study of residents of the a large(More)
Growing evidence from experimental models suggests that relief of myocardial ischemia in a stuttering manner (i.e., ’postconditioning’ [PostC] with brief cycles of reperfusion-reocclusion) limits infarct size. However, the potential clinical efficacy of PostC has, to date,been largely unexplored. Using a retrospective study design, our aim was to test the(More)
We have shown that a reverse-phase concentrate generated from the effluent of preconditioned (PC) rabbit hearts evokes a cardioprotective effect in virgin acceptor hearts. With the use of a model of sustained (1 h) simulated ischemia in isolated, spontaneously contracting rabbit jejunum, our current aims were to 1) determine whether protective factor(s)(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure is a highly prevalent, morbid, and costly disease with a poor long-term prognosis. Evidence-based therapies utilized over the past 2 decades hold the promise of improved outcomes, yet few contemporary studies have examined survival trends in patients with acute heart failure. The primary objective of this population-based study was(More)
PURPOSE Our objectives were to describe recent trends in the characteristics and in-hospital outcomes in diabetic as compared with non-diabetic patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS We reviewed the medical records of 2537 persons with (n = 684) and without (n = 1853) a history of diabetes who were(More)
BACKGROUND Following hepatocyte injury, changes in the perihepatocyte milieu modulate cell volume and influence growth. Hypoosmotic stress activates nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB), a transcription factor believed to prime cell cycle progression in hepatocytes. In this study, we investigate the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in the(More)
The objectives of this study were to describe contemporary postdischarge death rates of patients hospitalized at all Worcester, Massachusetts, hospitals after initial acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) and to examine factors associated with a poor prognosis. The medical records of patients discharged from 11 central Massachusetts medical centers after(More)
Motion and noise artifacts (MNA) are a serious obstacle in utilizing photoplethysmogram (PPG) signals for real-time monitoring of vital signs. We present a MNA detection method which can provide a clean vs. corrupted decision on each successive PPG segment. For motion artifact detection, we compute four time-domain parameters: (1) standard deviation of(More)