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Motion and noise artifacts (MNA) are a serious obstacle in utilizing photoplethysmogram (PPG) signals for real-time monitoring of vital signs. We present a MNA detection method which can provide a clean vs. corrupted decision on each successive PPG segment. For motion artifact detection, we compute four time-domain parameters: (1) standard deviation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine age-specific differences in clinical presentation, receipt of therapeutic practices and lifestyle recommendations, and hospital and long-term survival in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure HF. DESIGN Population-based study. SETTING The Worcester Heart Failure Study, a population-based study of residents of the a large(More)
PURPOSE Our objectives were to describe recent trends in the characteristics and in-hospital outcomes in diabetic as compared with non-diabetic patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS We reviewed the medical records of 2537 persons with (n = 684) and without (n = 1853) a history of diabetes who were(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that restoration of blood flow in a stuttering manner may limit lethal myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the mechanisms contributing to this phenomenon, termed postconditioning (post-C), remain poorly defined. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that activation of classic "survival kinases," phosphatidylinositol(More)
Growing evidence from experimental models suggests that relief of myocardial ischemia in a stuttering manner (i.e., 'postconditioning' [PostC] with brief cycles of reperfusion-reocclusion) limits infarct size. However, the potential clinical efficacy of PostC has, to date,been largely unexplored. Using a retrospective study design, our aim was to test the(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to establish whether the efficacy of post-conditioning is maintained in aging hearts. BACKGROUND Post-conditioning, or relief of myocardial ischemia in a stuttered manner, has been shown to reduce infarct size, in part because of up-regulation of survival kinases (extracellular-signal regulated kinase [ERK] 1/2 or PI3-kinase/Akt)(More)
We have shown that a reverse-phase concentrate generated from the effluent of preconditioned (PC) rabbit hearts evokes a cardioprotective effect in virgin acceptor hearts. With the use of a model of sustained (1 h) simulated ischemia in isolated, spontaneously contracting rabbit jejunum, our current aims were to 1) determine whether protective factor(s)(More)
Conventional ischemic preconditioning is the phenomenon whereby brief episodes of myocardial ischemia render the ischemic territory resistant to a subsequent, sustained ischemic insult. A growing body of evidence further indicates that brief ischemia applied in distant organs and tissues can also protect naïve, virgin myocardium from ischemic injury. In(More)
BACKGROUND Following hypoosmotic stress-induced cell volume change, the actin cytoskeleton reorganizes itself. The role of this reorganization in the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-OH-kinase/protein kinase B/activator protein 1 (PI-3-K/PKB/AP-1) proliferative signaling cascade is unknown. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) participates in the(More)
Rhabdomyolysis is an uncommon finding in the emergency department. However, the clinical implications of rhabdomyolysis are important, with a significant minority of patients developing acute renal failure and multiorgan failure. When present, the cause of elevated aminotransferases in the setting of rhabdomyolysis is often unclear. We sought to determine(More)