Chad D. Foradori

Learn More
Previous work in the endocrine and neuroendocrine fields has viewed the androgen receptor (AR) as a transcription factor activated by testosterone or one of its many metabolites. The bound AR acts as transcription regulatory element by binding to specific DNA response elements in target gene promoters, causing activation or repression of transcription and(More)
Estrogens have numerous effects on the brain, both in adulthood and during development. These actions of estrogen are mediated by two distinct estrogen receptor (ER) systems, ER alpha (ERalpha) and ER beta (ERbeta). In brain, ERalpha plays a critical role in regulating reproductive neuroendocrine function and behavior, however, a definitive role for ERbeta(More)
High doses of the commonly used herbicide atrazine have been shown to suppress luteinizing hormone (LH) release. To determine whether atrazine alters the function of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, we examined the effects of atrazine on GnRH neuronal activation and the subsequent release of LH normally associated with ovulation.(More)
Atrazine [2-chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-s-tri-azine] is one of the most commonly used herbicides in the United States. Atrazine has been shown to suppress luteinizing hormone (LH) release and can lead to a prolongation of the estrous cycle in the rat. The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of atrazine on normal tonic release(More)
Recent evidence suggests that the dynorphin-kappa receptor opioid system acts to mediate the inhibitory effect of progesterone (P) on GnRH pulse frequency during the luteal phase of the ovine estrous cycle. It is known that progesterone receptors (PRs) are required for the actions of P on GnRH secretion. Therefore, if P acts directly on dynorphin (DYN)(More)
Neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression have formidable economic and societal impacts. A dysregulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis leading to elevated endogenous glucocorticoid levels is often associated with such disorders. Chronically high glucocorticoid levels may act upon the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) to(More)
The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) plays a central role in regulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Medial parvocellular neurons of the PVH (mpPVH) integrate sensory and humoral inputs to maintain homeostasis. Humoral inputs include glucocorticoids secreted by the adrenals, which down-regulate HPA activation. A primary(More)
Recent studies suggest that the endogenous opioid peptide, dynorphin, is an important mediator of progesterone negative feedback on GnRH pulse frequency in the ewe. These experiments tested this hypothesis by examining the effects of progesterone on dynorphin A concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected from the third ventricle and expression of(More)
Orphanin FQ (OFQ), also known as nociceptin, is a member of the endogenous opioid peptide family that has been functionally implicated in the control of pain, anxiety, circadian rhythms, and neuroendocrine function. In the reproductive system, endogenous opioid peptides are involved in the steroid feedback control of GnRH pulses and the induction of the(More)
Dynorphin A (DYN)-containing cells play a key role in conveying the negative feedback influence of progesterone upon pulsatile gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion in the ewe. A very high percentage of DYN cells in the arcuate nucleus express the progesterone receptor; another population of arcuate nucleus cells that also express steroid(More)