Chad A. Ellis

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The serine threonine kinase protein kinase B regulates cellular activities as diverse as glycogen metabolism and apoptosis. Full activation of protein kinase B requires 3-phosphoinositides and dual phosphorylation on threonine-308 and serine-473. CaM-K kinase and 3-phosphoinositide dependent-kinase-1 phosphorylate threonine-308. Integrin-linked kinase(More)
Ras proteins regulate a wide range of biological processes by interacting with a broad assortment of effector proteins. Although activated forms of Ras are frequently associated with oncogenesis, they may also provoke growth-antagonistic effects. These include senescence, cell cycle arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis. The mechanisms that underlie these(More)
Although activated Ras proteins are usually associated with driving growth and transformation, they may also induce senescence, apoptosis, and terminal differentiation. The subversion of these anti-neoplastic effects during Ras-dependent tumor development may be as important as the acquisition of the pro-neoplastic effects. None of the currently identified(More)
Ras oncoproteins mediate multiple biological effects by activating multiple effectors. Classically, Ras activation has been associated with enhanced cellular growth and transformation. However, activated forms of Ras may also inhibit growth by inducing senescence, apoptosis, and differentiation. Induction of apoptosis by Ras may be mediated by its effector(More)
Potent inhibitors of protein kinase C have been isolated from sheep brain by DEAE-cellulose, phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B and Mono Q anion-exchange chromatography. Analysis by one- and two-dimensional SDS/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed the purified preparation to contain three bands ranging over 29-33 kDa in molecular mass, each consisting of several(More)
The Ras superfamily consists of a large group of monomeric GTPases demonstrating homology to Ras oncoproteins. Although structurally similar, Ras-superfamily proteins are functionally diverse. Whereas some members exhibit oncogenic properties, others may serve as tumor suppressors. We have identified a novel Ras-related protein that suppresses cell growth(More)
Phorbol esters were isolated from the seeds of Chinese tallow (Sapium sebiferum L. Roxb.). These compounds were based on the tigliane nuclei, 4-deoxyphorbol, 12-deoxyphorbol and 4,20-dideoxy-5-hydroxyphorbol. The pro-inflammatory activity (ID50) of the pure compounds was between 0.042 and 2.6 nmoles per ear. Protein kinase C activation assays were carried(More)
The all-type nicking enzyme (ATE) from human HeLa cells or calf thymus can nick DNA at the first phosphodiester bond 5' to all 8 possible mismatched bases. The strand disparity of this nicking is influenced by the neighboring nucleotide sequences. After nicking, the ATE covalently binds to the 3' end of the DNA product to form a cleavable complex, whose(More)
Farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs) serve to specifically inhibit farnesyl isoprenoid lipid modification of proteins. Although originally developed as anti-Ras oncoprotein drugs, it now appears that these compounds function independently of Ras. FTIs have been shown to inhibit transformation by a variety of mechanisms, including apoptosis involving(More)
Ras proteins are members of a superfamily of related small GTPases. Some members, such as Ras, are oncogenic. However, other members seem to serve as tumor suppressors, such as Rig and Noey2. We now identify and characterize a novel member of the Ras superfamily, RRP22. Like Ras, RRP22 can be posttranslationally modified by farnesyl. Unlike Ras, RRP22(More)