Ch Valavanis

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OBJECTIVE KIT functions as the receptor for stem cell factor (SCF) and this interaction is essential for regulation of proliferation and survival, particularly for germ cells since it regulates oogenesis, folliculogenesis and spermatogenesis. Up-regulation of KIT signalling has been associated with oncogenic transformation in cells expressing the molecule.(More)
PURPOSE Expression of biomarkers in breast cancer, such as the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), can impact therapeutic decisions; however, it has been reported that their expression may change with disease progression. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the expression(More)
DNA adducts are covalent complexes formed between genotoxic carcinogens and DNA bases, and constitute a critical early intermediate on the pathway of chemical carcinogenesis. Their accumulation in different tissues reflects the amount of activated carcinogen reaching DNA, and can therefore serve as an index of the biologically relevant dose reaching the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective study was to investigate whether there were changes in HER-2/neu status in newly-developed metastatic lesions following treatment with trastuzumab in advanced breast cancer patients overexpressing HER-2/neu. The utility of serological assays for HER-2/neu in such patients was also studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
The DNA damaging and mutagenic activities of procarbazine, a methylating drug employed in cancer chemotherapy and suspected of causing therapy-related leukaemia, were investigated in the liver and bone marrow of lambda lacZ transgenic mice (MutaMouse). The drug was administered using two different protocols, a 'high-dose' one involving 5 daily doses of 200(More)
The mutagenic, carcinogenic and cytotoxic activity of dacarbazine, a drug employed in cancer chemotherapy, may be related to the induction in DNA of O6-methylguanine (O6-meG), a quantitatively minor but biologically important lesion. In the present study the kinetics of O6-meG formation and repair in blood leukocyte DNA were examined in 20 Hodgkins lymphoma(More)
O6-Methylguanine has been measured in peripheral blood leukocytes of 14 patients during one or more cycles of treatment with procarbazine (daily treatment for 10 days) and in 12 patients during one or more cycles of treatment with dacarbazine (single dose per cycle). Adduct formation at levels up to about 0.4 fmole/microgram DNA was detected in all(More)
The accumulation of O6-methylguanine (O6-meG) in the DNA of blood leukocytes of 21 Hodgkin's lymphoma patients (followed for up to 12 cycles of treatment) treated in the context of MOPP combination chemotherapy with 150 mg procarbazine daily for 10 days was examined and compared to that observed in rats treated with different doses of procarbazine as a(More)
10663 Background: Addition of trastuzumab (Herceptin, H) to successive neoadjuvant taxane+anthracycline-based chemo in patients (pts) with HER-2 (+) breast cancer significantly increases the pathological complete response (CR) rates. PLD has considerably less cardiotoxicity compared to parent drug. The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity and(More)
e21059 Background: The prognostic/predictive value of HER2 and topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) gene status in patients with breast cancer treated with adjuvant dose-dense sequential chemotherapy is not well defined. Anthracyclines and taxanes are considered to be important drugs in this setting. METHODS Formalin-fixed tumor tissue samples were obtained(More)