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Accuracy represents the outstanding criterion for navigation systems. Surgeons have noticed a great discrepancy between the values from the literature and system specifications on one hand, and intraoperative accuracy on the other. A unitary understanding for the term accuracy does not exist in clinical practice. Furthermore, an incorrect equality for the(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is still a common complication in surgery of vestibular schwannoma, increasing morbidity and prolonging hospital stay. Our single center study was performed to determine the incidences of CSF leaks after microsurgical removal of vestibular schwannoma via a retrosigmoidal approach with two different surgical closure(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines the advantages and disadvantages of a commercial telemanipulator system (daVinci, Intuitive Surgical, USA) with computer-guided instruments in functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). METHODS We performed five different surgical FESS steps on 14 anatomical preparation and compared them with conventional FESS. A total of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Length of survival of patients with low-grade glioma correlates with the extent of tumor resection. These tumors, however, are difficult to distinguish intraoperatively from normal brain tissue, often leading to incomplete resection. Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative MR guidance in achieving gross-total(More)
Preoperative planning in skull base surgery is usually based on numbers of different radiological data. To use this complex data digital post-processing is necessary. There is a significant difference between radiological and surgical post-processing. Planning the approach, resection of the tumour and reconstruction of the defect are supported by the(More)
Intraoperative 3D ultrasound (3D-iUS) may enhance the quality of neuronavigation by adding information about brain shift and tumor remnants. The aim of our study was to prove the concept of 3D ultrasound on the basis of technical and human effects. A 3D-ultrasound navigation system consisting of a standard personal computer containing a video grabber card(More)
OBJECTIVES A number of different image-guided surgical techniques have been developed during the past decade. None of these methods can provide the surgeon with information about the dynamic changes that occur intra-operatively. MATERIAL AND METHOD The first vertical open 0.5T MRI-scanner for intra-operative MRI-guided neurosurgery in Germany was(More)
This study designs and evaluates a mechatronic system to assist ENT surgery, taking as an example a navigation controlled shaver as used in paranasal sinus surgery. The on/off status of the shaver is regulated automatically, depending on the current position of the shaver tip. The working space for the navigation controlled shaver is planned preoperatively(More)
The MR-compatibility of medical implants and devices becomes more and more important with the increasing number of high-field MR-scanners employed. Until the end of 2004, about twenty 3T MR in Germany will be in clinical practice. Patients with hydrocephalus need frequent follow-up MR-examinations to assure correct functioning of a shunt. We tested three(More)
OBJECTIVES Preservation of brain function while maximizing resection is the main aim of brain tumour surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging to preserve brain function in patients with tumours in or near eloquent brain areas. METHODS AND MATERIAL Between August 1997 and January 1999(More)