Learn More
Glycerol is a trihydroxy alcohol that has been included for many years in topical dermatological preparations. In addition, endogenous glycerol plays a role in skin hydration, cutaneous elasticity and epidermal barrier repair. The aquaporin-3 transport channel and lipid metabolism in the pilosebaceous unit have been evidenced as potential pathways for(More)
Tape stripping is a simple and efficient method for the assessment of quality and efficacy of cosmetical and dermatological formulations. After topical application and penetration of formulations, the cell layers of the stratum corneum are successively removed from the same skin area using adhesive films. The tape strips contain the amount of corneocytes(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is efficacious in many dermatoses as an oral but not as a topical form, while tacrolimus (FK506) has been shown to be effective in both forms. As inadequate skin absorption has been proposed as the reason for inefficacy of topical CsA, factors contributing to percutaneous absorption of FK506 and CsA were studied. Partitioning of FK506(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory diseases such as asthma may affect individuals' fitness for military service. In order to assess fitness for military service in subjects with asthma symptoms at conscription, objective and reliable tests are needed. OBJECTIVE To prospectively determine the diagnostic value of the mannitol and methacholine bronchial provocation test(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the amount of drug which is absorbed during 1 day following topical application of three different preparations containing salicylic acid. METHODS Ten grams of the formulations, either (a) Kerasaltrade mark 5% ointment, (b) salicylic acid 5% or (c) 10% in petrolatum, were administered consecutively to a 600-cm2 area on alternating(More)
BACKGROUND New opportunistic fungal infections cause significant morbidity and death in patients who are severely immunocompromised. Cutaneous lesions may be the first clinical manifestation and give the clue to early diagnosis. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and histologic manifestations of Paecilomyces lilacinus(More)
The influence of irritant contact dermatitis on percutaneous penetration was investigated for four 14C-labeled compounds with diverse physicochemical properties: hydrocortisone (HC), indomethacin (IM), ibuprofen (IB), and acitretin (AC). Hairless guinea pigs were pretreated in vivo for 24 h with either 0.5% sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) to induce irritant(More)
To gain information about efficacy and safety of sunscreens, we compared the skin penetration of ultraviolet (UV) filters from two vehicles, i.e. an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion gel and petrolatum jelly both in vitro and in vivo, as well as the corresponding pharmacological effect, i.e. the sun protection factor (SPF) in vivo. The UV filters studied were(More)
We studied the effect of a new topical cyclosporin (CS) formulation on the suppression of allergic contact dermatitis. 4 test sites were outlined on the back of healthy male volunteers. For 7 consecutive days, the test sites were treated as follows: #1: CS formulation (10%), #2: placebo formulation, #3: flumethasone pivalate (FP) formulation (0.02%; #4: no(More)