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The hematopoietic cell kinase Hck is a Src family tyrosine kinase expressed in cells of myelomonocytic lineage, B lymphocytes, and embryonic stem cells. To study its role in signaling pathways we used the Hck-SH3 domain in protein interaction cloning and identified C3G, the guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rap1 and R-Ras, as a protein that associated(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a cytokine that is involved in many functions, including the inflammatory response, immunity and apoptosis. Some of the responses of TNF-alpha are mediated by caspase-1, which is involved in the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta, interleukin-18 and interleukin-33. The molecular(More)
Two ubiquitously expressed protein tyrosine phosphatases, PTP-S2 and PTP-S4 (also known as TC45 and TC48, respectively), are alternately spliced products of the same gene. Overexpression of PTP-S2 by transient transfection induced chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation, typical of apoptosis. Expression of PTP-S4 resulted in a much lower number of(More)
PTP-S2/TC45 is a nuclear protein tyrosine phosphatase, which induces p53-dependent apoptosis. Here we show that the p53 protein level increased in MCF-7 cells in response to PTP-S2 overexpression. PTP-S2-induced p53 protein was transcriptionally active and it could activate caspase-1 gene expression from endogenous as well as ectopic promoter. Coexpression(More)
Caspase-1, a cysteine protease is primarily involved in proteolytic activation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-1beta. It is also involved in some forms of apoptosis. Here we have analyzed the role of p73, a homolog of tumor suppressor p53, in regulating human caspase-1 gene transcription. The caspase-1 promoter was strongly activated by(More)
PTP-S2 is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear protein tyrosine phosphatase which shows increased expression upon mitogenic stimulation in a variety of cells in vitro and in vivo. In order to understand the role of this enzyme in cell cycle progression, tetracycline-regulated HeLa clones expressing PTP-S2 were isolated and characterized. Tetracycline-controlled(More)
Tumor cell surface sialic acid levels determine a number of important properties governing cellular interactions and cell-cell communication. Towards understanding the mechanism of regulation of sialic acid levels upon cellular transformation, we have studied the regulation of expression of beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialyltransferase in a rat tumor, the(More)
In the Zajdela Ascitic Hepatoma (ZAH), a rat tumor, high levels of cell surface sialic acid residues are present which masked the immunogenicity of the cells. We have shown here that cell surface sialic acid level goes down rapidly when ZAH cells are put in culture. The reduction in surface sialic acid levels is due to a decrease in sialic acid residues on(More)
Biogas production from cow dung with co-substrate agricultural waste is one of the most demanding technologies for generating energy in a sustainable approach considering eco-friendly. In the present study, coffee pulp (CP) was pre-treated with 1% NaOH and combined with various proportions of cow dung (CD) to explore its biogas producing potentiality. The(More)
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