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1. Although it is well known that the microvessels of the skin constantly undergo spontaneous variations in volume, the significance of these rhythmic changes remains uncertain. 2. In 10 healthy males and in 15 patients in intensive care, we assessed the origin of the autonomic influences on spontaneous fluctuations in the microcirculation of the skin,(More)
We surveyed bronchial microflora by alternate-day, non-directed bronchial lavage (NBL) in 150 patients requiring mechanical ventilation on an intensive care unit. This simple technique uses a 20 ml non-bronchoscopic lung lavage, then quantitative bacterial culture. NBL bacteriological findings were identical to those obtained by same-day bronchoscopic(More)
Circulating endotoxin impairs the sympathetic regulation of the cardiovascular system in animals. We studied the changes in the autonomic control of the heart and circulation during septic shock in humans. 12 patients (age 43.0±6, 17–83 years) were investigated during septic shock (mean duration: 3.5±0.5 days) and during recovery, fluctuations in R-R(More)
1. The pattern of breathing expressed as the relationship between tidal volume and the components of breath interval was studied in normal subjects during CO2 rebreathing, both under unloaded conditions and following the introduction of a non-elastic expiratory resistance. 2. Under unloaded conditions end-expiratory thoracic gas volume (FRC) measured(More)
Nitric oxide is too short-lived to measure in vivo, but its production can be estimated by measuring its stable oxidation products, nitrites and nitrates, in serum. Renal elimination of these ions has been demonstrated, but the effect of renal function on their concentrations in serum is currently unknown. We evaluated serum and urine nitrates + nitrites as(More)
The effect of inhaled histamine on human tracheal mucus velocity (TMV) and bronchial mucociliary clearance (CB) was investigated in six healthy subjects using radioaerosol techniques in a randomized double-blind crossover study. Subjects inhaled repeated doses of either phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or histamine, immediately after the inhalation of a(More)
Bronchial mucociliary clearance (CB) and tracheal mucus velocity (TMV) were measured during the course of repeated inhalations of histamine in six subjects with asthma who had no symptoms in a double-blind, crossover study with a radioaerosol technique. Subjects inhaled a technetium 99m-labeled ferric oxide aerosol with an aerodynamic diameter of(More)