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Patients with a positive microvolt-level T wave alternans (TWA) are characterized by an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Arterial hypertension leads to an increase of sudden cardiac death risk, particularly if left ventricular hypertrophy is present. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of TWA in patients with arterial(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate in patients with arterial hypertension (HT) the extent of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic function in relation to atrial arrhythmias. PATIENTS AND METHODS In 112 hypertensive patients (40 women, 72 men; mean age 50 +/- 6.6 years) with a mean systolic blood pressure for the cohort of 170 +/- 5 mmHg, their first(More)
For evaluation of patients with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death, the analyses of ventricular late potentials, heart rate variability, and baroreflexsensitivity are helpful. But so far, the prediction of a malignant arrhythmic event is not possible with sufficient accuracy. For a better risk stratification other methods are necessary. In this study(More)
Appropriate and inappropriate therapies of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have a major impact on morbidity and quality of life in ICD recipients. The recently introduced home monitoring of ICD devices is a promising new technique which remotely offers information about the status of the system. Stored intracardiac electrograms (IEGMs), which(More)
UNLABELLED The analysis of the QRS-complex with signal averaged ECG (SAECG) has been evaluated for patients affected by ventricular tachycardia for a long time. A longer filtered QRS-complex was a marker of a slower ventricular conduction velocity and reentry tachycardia. This method was modified for an analysis of the P wave (P-SAECG). Different filter(More)
INTRODUCTION The early determination of the myocardial manifestation is of considerable importance, since the prognosis of patients (P) with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is generally masked by secondary cardiac complications. The aim of this study was to investigate whether young, asymptomatic P with IDDM and persisting normal systolic left(More)
To elucidate the incidence and clinical significance of ventricular late potentials (LP) and reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in primary and secondary heart muscle disease, 157 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM, n = 19), chronic myocarditis (MC, n = 50), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM, n = 27) and systemic hypertension (HT, n = 61) were(More)
AIMS Patients with heart failure are characterised by a disturbed sympathovagal balance, as could be shown by analyses of heart rate variability and baroreflexsensitivity. Furthermore, the modulation of ventilation is disturbed in those patients with an increased ventilation volume following the inhalation of hypoxic gas. This study should evaluate, whether(More)
The incidence of supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias in patients with arterial hypertension is up to 96% and is about 10 times higher than in normotensives. Predictors for an increased ventricular arrhythmogenic risk are left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), impaired left ventricular function with enlarged end diastolic and end diastolic volumes as(More)
For the analysis of a disturbed autonomic function as a risk predictor for ventricular tachyarrhythmias, tonic and phasic procedures are available. The heart rate variability as a tonic procedure shows significant differences between patients with an increased risk of malignant arrhythmias and patients without increased risk. This can be demonstrated in(More)