Ch. Mueller-Eckhardt

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The rapid rise in platelet count after immunoglobulin treatment in acute and chronic forms of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), autoimmune neutropenia, and post-transfusion purpura is well documented. It is suggested that the rise in platelet count is due to competitive inhibition of the macrophage binding of platelets by preferential sequestration(More)
BACKGROUND As clinical diagnosis of heparin-associated thrombocytopenia (HAT) is often difficult, confirmation by sensitive laboratory assays is desirable. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS The sensitivity of the heparin-induced platelet activation (HIPA) test and the platelet aggregation test (PAT) was prospectively compared by using the sera of 209 patients with(More)
Eighteen cases of alloimmune neonatal neutropenia (ANN) were analysed for their clinical and serological properties. Pregnancy was normal in all cases, but a 50% incidence of abortion is recorded. With the exception of two premature babies, all newborns were delivered at term. Omphalitis and mild infections of the skin were predominantly present. None of(More)
A two-stage radioactive antiglobulin test--using unlabelled antisera specific for IgG, IgA, IgM and C3 followed by binding of 125I-staphylococcal protein A--was applied to determine platelet-associated immunoglobulins (PAIg) and complement (PAC3) in thrombocytopenias of various etiologies. One hundred and one patients with immune thrombocytopenia (chronic(More)
In this study the hypothesis was assessed whether heparin-associated thrombocytopenia (HAT) may be caused by an antibody dependent on polysulfated oligosaccharide epitopes, present not only on heparin but also on different polysulfated substances such as dextran sulfate and pentosan polysulfate. We found that the major factor for eliciting platelet(More)
Heparin-associated thrombocytopenia (HAT) is a severe complication of heparin therapy. Its diagnosis is difficult. Conventional assays employ platelet aggregometry (PAA) and/or 14C-serotonin release (SRA) which are either insensitive (PAA) or require radioactive tracers (SRA). We here describe a newly developed sensitive and rapid assay based on visual(More)
Twenty-six patients with delayed hemolytic transfusion reactions ( DHTR ) were investigated. The reaction of hemolysis often was concealed by other disorders that were usually associated with signs of hemolysis or blood loss. Coating of red cells was analyzed with regard to IgG and/or complement bound in vivo. Although many of the alloantibodies involved (K(More)
Platelet-associated IgG (PAIgG) was studied by a quantitative platelet radioactive anti-IgG test (PRAT) in 298 patients. At the time of investigation, 171 patients were thrombocytopenic (platelet count < 100 X 10(9)/l), 127 had normal platelet counts. Patients fell into the following disease categories: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (N = 81),(More)
A pregnant woman treated with unfractionated heparin for pelvic vein thrombosis in the 26th week of her first pregnancy developed heparin-associated thrombocytopenia. Diagnosis was verified by the heparin induced platelet activation (HIPA) assay, which revealed cross reactivity to various LMW heparins, but not to the LMW heparinoid Org 10172. Upon(More)
Two patients with acute immune haemolytic anaemia caused by diclofenac are described. Both patients had developed IgG drug-independent autoantibodies and drug-dependent antibodies. The drug-dependent antibodies in one patient reacted with red blood cells (RBC) only in the presence of urine from patients receiving diclofenac (ex vivo antigen) but not in the(More)