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This paper describes the ultrastructural organization of the honeybee antennal lobe, including the distribution of synapses within the antennal lobe neuropile and the distribution of the afferent fibres in the antennal nerve and its afferent tracts. We show that: 1) The antennal nerve and tracts T3-T6 are composed of a heterogeneous population of fibres,(More)
A culture technique for the in vitro growth and differentiation of antennal lobe cells from the honeybee, Apis mellifera, is described and the ultrastructure of the growing cells is analysed. Two types of cell are present in the cultures and from their morphology and ultrastructure they can be identified as glial cells and neurones. The neurones have a(More)
A culture technique for the in vitro growth of antennal cells from honeybee is described. On the basis of morphological and immunocytochemical criteria, the cultured cells could be classified into neural and non-neural cells. Neural cells (type D) exhibited the main morphological features of insect olfactory receptor neurones (ORNs). Non-neural cells were(More)
The role of antennal sensory projections on the ontogeny of the bee antennal lobe was analyzed using both light and transmission electron microscopy. Normal and deafferented developing antennal lobes were examined. The results obtained show that (1) initiation of synaptogenesis in the antennal lobe is independent of the arrival of sensory inputs; (2)(More)
Both intrinsic (programmed) and extrinsic (non-programmed) factors are thought to play a role in the morphogenesis of neurones in the honeybee antennal lobe (the first relay station in the olfactory pathway) during development. We present here a morphometric and statistical analysis of a large population of pupal honeybee antennal lobe neurones grown in(More)
The processing of odorant signals is performed, in the olfactory bulb of vertebrates or in the antennal lobe of insects, by different types of neurons which display specific morphological and functional features. The present work characterizes the morphogenesis of the main neuronal types which participate in olfactory discrimination in the adult honeybee(More)
The kinetics of inhibition of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) by the fast-acting plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) was investigated in homogeneous (plasma) and heterogeneous (solid-phase fibrin) systems by using radioisotopic and spectrophotometric analysis. It is demonstrated that fibrin-bound t-PA is protected from inhibition by PAI-1,(More)
The processes whereby developing neurones acquire morphological features that are common to entire populations (thereby allowing the definition of neuronal types) are still poorly understood. A mathematical model of neuronal arborizations may be useful to extract basic parameters or organization rules, hence helping to achieve a better understanding of the(More)
We produced and characterized two monoclonal antibodies, termed 1.9.E and 4.11.C, that specifically recognize olfactory bulb ensheathing glia. Both antibodies were generated using the olfactory nerve layer (ONL) of newborn rat olfactory bulbs (P0, P1) as immunogens. The specificity of these antibodies was tested by immunofluorescence techniques on tissue(More)