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Place learning in the Morris water maze following transient (24 min) occlusion of the common carotid arteries (2VO), and following permanent occlusion of both vertebral arteries plus transient (20 min) clamping of the carotids (4VO) was investigated in rats 6-9 days after occlusion. Both 2VO and 4VO treatment increased the latency to find the hidden(More)
Moderate reduction of cerebral blood flow by bilateral clamping of carotid arteries (BCCA) in pentobarbital anaesthetized Wistar rats induces decreased PO2 and temperature values in vulnerable brain structures such as hippocampus and frontal cortex during the acute phase of clamping. Up to two weeks chronic increased GABA contents in hippocampus, substantia(More)
Sixty minutes of cerebral oligaemic hypoxia, induced by bilateral clamping of the carotid arteries (BCCA) in pentobarbital-anaesthetized normotensive rats, induces a late progressive cognitive decline when compared with sham-operated controls. Analysis at BCCA of hippocampal metabolism using microdialysis showed increased release of glutamate, aspartate and(More)
COGITAT is an automated hole board system that, following minimal experimental interventions, makes it possible to measure a variety of parameters associated with learning, memory, relearning, cognition, and cognitive shifts, but also changes in exploratory and sensorimotor performance in rodent models. The individual parameters--that is, overall(More)
Rats were exposed for 24 min to bilateral clamping of the common carotid arteries (BCCA) in pentobarbital anaesthesia. The GABA content was measured 24 hours, 48 hours, 4 days, 14 days and 3 months after BCCA. In other groups of rats seizures were elicited by i.p. injection of (+)-bicuculline (3 mg/kg) 24 hours, 48 hours, 4 days, 14 days and 3 months after(More)
Light-microscopical studies revealed that oligemic hypoxia for 24 and 60 min as produced by bilateral clamping of the carotid arteries (BCCA) in normotension does not produce neuronal cell necrosis in the vast majority of rat brain. Less than 5% of cases showed a pattern of mild selective neuronal necrosis as would be expected in ischemia. However,(More)
"TaClo", (1-trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline) which is structurally very similar to MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine), increases the sensitivity to apomorphine in aging rats after subchronic daily application (0.2 mg/kg i.p.) for 7 weeks. Nine weeks after the last treatment with TaClo, the running speed of the animals(More)
Rats were subjected to 60 min of bilateral clamping of the carotid arteries (BCCA) in pentobarbital anaesthesia and tested in a hole board with 8 of the 25 holes baited with food pellets hidden in a serial order. All rats learned to recognize the pattern as a reference during an acquisition period at 2-14 days post surgery, i.e. reference memory. During the(More)
The present study shows that low amounts of applied iron have a potent effect on the ventrolateral striatum. This is reflected by an influence on spontaneous night activity, cognitive behaviour during the water maze navigation task, exploratory activity and in response to postsynaptic apomorphine stimulation. Such functional disturbances could be observed(More)
1-Trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (TaClo), which shows a great structural similarity to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), when administered to rats lead to enhanced spontaneous locomotion when they were tested 4-9 days after subchronic injection at a daily dose of 0.2 mg/kg over a seven week period. However, 9 weeks(More)