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In anesthetized cats, with vagi cut and the spinal cord severed at the C8 level, phrenic motor and/or sensory discharge was recorded. Small afferent phrenic fibers were identified through their activation by lactic acid, hyperosmotic NaCl solution, or phenyl diguanide. They exhibited a spontaneous but irregular low-frequency discharge. Block of their(More)
Ten adult myotonic dystrophy patients underwent measurements of lung function, maximal dynamic and static ventilatory efforts, and respiratory muscle electromyography (EMG). EMG studies were performed during spontaneous breathing or when subjects breathed through high inspiratory or expiratory resistive loads. Present results show that (1) a moderate(More)
Our purpose was to determine whether exposure to a realistic concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) could increase the bronchial sensitivity of asthmatic patients to bronchoconstrictor agents. We established dose-response curves for changes in specific airway resistance (SRaw) in response to aerosolized carbachol in 20 asthmatics after each had spent 1 h(More)
1 Concentration-effect curves to acetylcholine and histamine were produced in fresh human bronchial muscle (2 to 4 h after removal from the patients) and in preparations previously stored at 4 degrees C for 12 h. 2 Sensitivities of fresh human airway muscle preparations to acetylcholine (pD2 value, 5.89 +/- 0.03; n = 4) and histamine (pD2 values, 5.41 +/-(More)
The effects of severe inspiratory (I) or expiratory (E) resistive loads on diaphragmatic activity were studied in two groups of cats anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbital or ethylcarbamate-chloralose. In intact cats, I or E loading never changed the amplitude of integrated diaphragmatic electric myogram (EMG) measured at 1.0 s (Edi 1.0); only I loading,(More)
In anesthetized cats, sensory neurons in the superior laryngeal nerves (SLN) were identified with respect to their response to (1) phenyldiguanide (PDG) i.v., (2) mechanical stimulation and (3) lowering temperature in an isolated tracheolaryngeal segment. The activity originating from 107 SLN afferent units activated by PDG was recorded using glass(More)
Cumulative dose-response curves to carbachol given by aerosol were established using plethysmographic measurements of specific airways resistance (SRaw) in 10 patients with asthma and five healthy subjects. Two experiments were performed--a control test and one in which maximal respiratory manoeuvres (MRM) (two maximal inspirations and two maximal(More)
A deep inspiration from functional residual capacity to total lung capacity, performed at a low flow rate by a group of 40 unselected adult patients with asthma, yielded an immediate and transient increase (71 per cent, P smaller than 0.001) in specific airway resistance. In 2 of the 40, deep inspiration provoked an attack of asthma. The effect of deep(More)