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STUDY DESIGN Herniated lumbar disc specimens were obtained from patients undergoing surgical discectomy for persistent radiculopathy and cultured in vitro to determine whether various biochemical agents were being produced. OBJECTIVES Our hypothesis is that biochemical mediators of inflammation and tissue degradation play a role in intervertebral disc(More)
STUDY DESIGN Normal and herniated human intervertebral disc specimens were cultured to study the effects of interleukin-1 beta on the production of nitric oxide, interleukin-6, prostaglandin E2, and matrix metalloproteinases. The effects of endogenously produced nitric oxide on the synthesis of other mediators also were studied. OBJECTIVES To test the(More)
Chondrocytes in arthritic cartilage respond poorly to insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I). Studies with inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) knockout mice suggest that NO is responsible for part of the cartilage insensitivity to IGF-I. These studies characterize the relationship between NO and chondrocyte responses to IGF-I in vitro, and define a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether articular chondrocytes express growth factor genes delivered by adenoviral vectors and whether expression of these genes influences matrix synthesis in the presence and absence of interleukin-1 (IL-1). METHODS Monolayer cultures of rabbit articular chondrocytes were infected with recombinant adenovirus carrying genes(More)
OBJECTIVE This study explored the therapeutic effect of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), administered by gene transfer, on the progression of osteoarthritic (OA) lesions in an experimental dog model. METHODS Seventeen mature mongrel dogs were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 (n = 7) had an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) section of the right(More)
Cartilage function after resurfacing with cell-based transplantation procedures or during the early stages of arthritic disease may be bolstered by the addition of growth factor genes to the transplanted tissue. Insulinlike growth factor-I maintains chondrocyte metabolism in normal cartilage homeostasis and has been shown to improve cartilage healing in(More)
Although IL-1 is an important modulator of chondrocyte metabolism, the postreceptor events triggered by IL-1 remain obscure. The present study shows that IL-1 induces the biosynthesis of nitric oxide (.N = O) by articular chondrocytes. Synthesis of .N = O is also induced by LPS. Other inflammatory mediators such as IFN-gamma, fibroblast growth factor, and(More)
Gene therapy offers a radical different approach to the treatment of arthritis. Here we have demonstrated that two marker genes (lacZ and neo) and cDNA coding for a potentially therapeutic protein (human interleukin 1-receptor-antagonist protein; IRAP or IL-1ra) can be delivered, by ex vivo techniques, to the synovial lining of joints; intraarticular(More)
Gene therapy is a promising new approach in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Gene delivery to diseased joints offers the prospect of achieving high, local concentrations of a therapeutic gene product in a sustained manner, while minimizing exposure of nontarget organs. We report that a single administration of a modified adenovirus encoding the(More)