Ch. Depeursinge

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Intraluminal pH monitoring in man should be performed with disposable multichannel assemblies that allow recordings at multiple sites and prevent transmission of infection. Currently available glass electrodes are unsuitable for this purpose because of their size and price. We have thus constructed and tested a small, combined ion sensitive field effect(More)
A suitable quantity for evaluating the image quality in mammography is the smallest visible size of an object. This quantity, called the image quality index (IQI), can be derived from the basic image parameters: contrast, MTF, Wiener spectrum. Several evaluation methods of the IQI, all based on statistical decision theory, have been considered. An(More)
The variation of dose and image quality parameters in the voltage range 25...33 kV have been studied on 3 mammographic phantoms simulating thin, average and thick breasts respectively. The global image quality has been objectively evaluated by an image quality index. The average glandular dose has been chosen as relevant indicator of risk. The study shows(More)
A miniaturised evanescent-wave optical sensor is proposed for in vivo measurement of dye concentrations. It enables a continuous monitoring of the optical-dye attenuation or fluorescence spectra between 380 and 650 nm. The sensor is constructed with polished fibres: the cladding of a single-mode fibre is removed by longitudinal polishing. The proximity of(More)
The influence of anode and filter materials on the performance (image quality and dose) of a mammography system is investigated. The image quality is evaluated with the image quality index method. A computer simulation has been developed to calculate the physical parameters of the image quality index (contrast, resolution and noise) as well as the mean(More)
A quality control program for mammography units was carried out, based on objective tests of image quality and dose. Results are reported for 31 units, including correlation between various parameters. Satisfactory results were obtained in the case of 21 installations; for the other 10, comparison between measured quality parameters and those of the(More)
The efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) alone was evaluated on 41 ‘early’ squamous cell carcinomas of the pharynx (10), oesophagus (15) and tracheo-bronchial tree (16). All lesions but two were synchronous second primaries in ENT-patients suffering from a more extensive cancer, governing the overall oncological prognosis. Photofrin I (3 mg/kg) or(More)
A Monte Carlo simulation has been developed to predict the quality of time-resolved images of the breast by transillumination. The smallest diameter of a detectable carcinoma located in the breast has been computed. The simulation suggests that time-resolved imaging of the breast is possible and invaluable in the near infra-red (NIR) by transillumination.(More)
The authors have developed an experimental method for simultaneous determination of dose and image parameters in mammography. A global and objective quality concept, the image quality index, is proposed and its reliability demonstrated by tests of reproducibility. Objective quality tests and subjective evaluation by radiologists showed good correlation.
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