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Autosomal recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a mitochondrial disease characterized by accumulation of multiple large-scale deletions of mitochondrial DNA. We previously reported missense mutations in POLG, the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma in two nuclear families compatible with autosomal recessive progressive external(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene (GDAP1) were recently shown to be responsible for autosomal recessive (AR) demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 4A (CMT4A) as well as AR axonal CMT with vocal cord paralysis. METHODS The coding region of GDAP1 was screened for the presence of(More)
We observed a missense mutation in the peripheral myelin protein zero gene (MPZ, Thr124Met) in seven Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) families and in two isolated CMT patients of Belgian ancestry. Allele-sharing analysis of markers flanking the MPZ gene indicated that all patients with the Thr124Met mutation have one common ancestor. The mutation is associated(More)
The contribution of mutations in the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene known as Flemish (APP/A692G) and Dutch (APP/E693Q) to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis of the Dutch type, respectively, was studied in transgenic mice that overexpress the mutant APP in brain. These transgenic mice showed the(More)
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant, demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. Clinical hallmarks are recurrent painless focal neuropathies mostly preceded by minor trauma or compression at entrapment sites of peripheral nerves. In the majority of the patients, HNPP is caused by a 1.5 Mb deletion on chromosome(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the early growth response 2 (EGR2) gene have recently been found in patients with congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 (CMT1) disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of EGR2 mutations in patients with a diagnosis of CMT1, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS), or unspecified peripheral neuropathies.(More)
The distal hereditary motor neuropathy (distal HMN) or the spinal form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is an exclusively motor disorder of the peripheral nervous system. The disorder clinically resembles the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) type I and type II or CMT type 1 and type 2. Distal HMN might also be related to the spinal(More)
Both dominant and recessive missense mutations were recently reported in the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) in patients with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO). The authors report on a patient homozygous for a recessive missense mutation in POLG who presented with a multisystem disorder without PEO. The most prominent(More)
We describe a family with an autosomal dominant form of retinal-cerebellar atrophy. There is an extreme variability in age of onset and severity of the clinical symptoms: some patients remain nearly asymptomatic throughout their entire life; others develop severe retinal and cerebellar symptoms after the age of 35 years; others suffer from a severe disorder(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) are a complex group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive degeneration of the cerebellum, brain stem and spinal cord. The spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is associated with pigmentary macular dystrophy and retinal degeneration leading to blindness caused by a CAG/polyglutamine(More)