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BACKGROUND Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene (GDAP1) were recently shown to be responsible for autosomal recessive (AR) demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 4A (CMT4A) as well as AR axonal CMT with vocal cord paralysis. METHODS The coding region of GDAP1 was screened for the presence of(More)
Autosomal recessive progressive external ophthalmoplegia is a mitochondrial disease characterized by accumulation of multiple large-scale deletions of mitochondrial DNA. We previously reported missense mutations in POLG, the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma in two nuclear families compatible with autosomal recessive progressive external(More)
We observed a missense mutation in the peripheral myelin protein zero gene (MPZ, Thr124Met) in seven Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) families and in two isolated CMT patients of Belgian ancestry. Allele-sharing analysis of markers flanking the MPZ gene indicated that all patients with the Thr124Met mutation have one common ancestor. The mutation is associated(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the early growth response 2 (EGR2) gene have recently been found in patients with congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 (CMT1) disease. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of EGR2 mutations in patients with a diagnosis of CMT1, Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (DSS), or unspecified peripheral neuropathies.(More)
The distal hereditary motor neuropathy (distal HMN) or the spinal form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is an exclusively motor disorder of the peripheral nervous system. The disorder clinically resembles the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) type I and type II or CMT type 1 and type 2. Distal HMN might also be related to the spinal(More)
Both dominant and recessive missense mutations were recently reported in the gene encoding the mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (POLG) in patients with progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO). The authors report on a patient homozygous for a recessive missense mutation in POLG who presented with a multisystem disorder without PEO. The most prominent(More)
Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant, demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. Clinical hallmarks are recurrent painless focal neuropathies mostly preceded by minor trauma or compression at entrapment sites of peripheral nerves. In the majority of the patients, HNPP is caused by a 1.5 Mb deletion on chromosome(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) are a complex group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive degeneration of the cerebellum, brain stem and spinal cord. The spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is associated with pigmentary macular dystrophy and retinal degeneration leading to blindness caused by a CAG/polyglutamine(More)
Adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) is reported in two kindreds. In the first family, four male patients were affected: two adults with the full clinical picture but with a different chronology of the main symptoms, a third adult with central nervous system involvement and a child who died early with adrenal insufficiency. The second family included two male(More)
Skin biopsies were performed in 71 patients affected by the following disorders: ceroid-lipofuscinoses (17 cases), mucopolysaccharidoses (13 cases) mucolipidoses (seven cases), lipidoses (18 cases), metabolic diseases to be further classified (seven cases), acid maltase deficiency (nine cases). After a survey of semithin sections, the skin specimens were(More)