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To investigate the association of serum concentrations and dietary intake of β-carotene and α-tocopherol with type 2 diabetes incidence. Serum β-carotene, α-tocopherol, lifestyle factors (BMI, physical activity and smoking) and metabolic factors (insulin sensitivity [homeostasis model assessment], acute insulin response and impaired fasting glucose) were(More)
An intrinsic angiotensin system has been described in the pancreas, with angiotensin II specific receptors being present on both exocrine, endocrine and vascular cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of angiotensin II on insulin secretion and blood flow regulation in the pancreas. Blood flows were determined with a microsphere(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether insulin sensitivity measured by the euglycaemic insulin clamp technique is lower in patients with primary hypertension than in matched healthy control subjects, and whether this sensitivity was affected after 12 weeks of antihypertensive treatment with the alpha 1-adrenoceptor blocking drug prazosin. Twelve(More)
The association between CHD and insulin sensitivity (Si) measured by the euglycaemic insulin clamp has not been examined previously. Earlier studies found a relationship between CHD and elevated plasma insulin, an analysis that may have been confounded by co-determination of proinsulin, which has evolved as a stronger predictor of CHD. The aim was to(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Defects in insulin secretion and insulin action, resulting in compensatory hyperinsulinaemia, are the major abnormalities in the development of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 diabetes). The most frequently used conventional immunoreactive assays for insulin cross-react with proinsulin. In short-term studies (<5 years), proinsulin(More)
The effects of the aldose reductase inhibitor, sorbinil, on symptomatic symmetrical diabetic polyneuropathy were studied during a 6-month period in a double-blind parallel group placebo-controlled trial. Twenty-seven patients received sorbinil and 28 placebo. The patients were assessed by clinical examination, neurophysiological measurements, sensory(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that diabetes increases the risk of dementia, but few studies have addressed possible mechanisms underlying this relationship. The aim of our study was to investigate the longitudinal association of glucose metabolism, insulin secretion and insulin action with the development of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. The(More)
Besides the insulinotropic effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) mimetics, their effects on endothelial dysfunction and myocardial ischaemia are of interest. No previous study has investigated associations between plasma levels of GLP-1 and CHD. We investigated longitudinal relationships of fasting GLP-1 with the dynamic GLP-1 response after OGTT(More)
The activity ofβ-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC was measured according to the principles of the Lowry microtechniques in pancreatic islets and acini, liver, heart and skeletal muscle in mice of the New Zealand obese strain (NZO) and the obese hyperglycaemic strain (obob). The assayed enzyme showed the same pH dependence in material from(More)
Insulin-mediated stimulation of blood flow to skeletal muscle has been proposed to be of major importance for insulin-mediated glucose uptake. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative importance of blood flow and glucose extraction as determinants of insulin-mediated glucose uptake in the human forearm. Forearm blood flow (FBF), glucose(More)