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PURPOSE A dose-escalation study was conducted to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of cyclophosphamide (CY) in combination with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF0 and doxorubicin (DOX) given every 2 weeks for eight cycles as outpatient adjuvant therapy for node-positive breast cancer. A pilot study to(More)
The aim of the study was to describe large Swedish dairy herds with high and low mortality risk in calves during the first 90 d of life, using herd-level data, and to evaluate if high calf mortality risk is associated with other herd-level management variables that influence cow health. A total of 57 Swedish dairy herds met the inclusion criteria of(More)
Outdoor farrowing huts facilitate a less restricted maternal behaviour in sows compared with sows kept indoors in farrowing pens. The aim of our study was to investigate whether there are behavioural differences between primiparous sows kept outdoors in farrowing huts and indoors in pens, and whether the maternal behaviour during the second parity, when all(More)
We analysed the number of pulmonary embolism (PE) in young females aged 10–39 years in the period from 2005 to 2014 in Germany to see any trends that possibly may reflect some influences of newer oral contraceptives. Detailed lists of all hospitalized cases with the principal diagnosis PE coded as I26 in the years 2005–2014 were provided by the Federal(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate if a 2-step method of preventing suckling and cow-calf separation reduces the stress reaction in foster cows compared with a simultaneous separation method. Seven Swedish Holstein and 5 Swedish Red dairy cows were used as foster cows, each having a group of 4 calves. The foster cow-calf group was formed when calves(More)
This study evaluated how feeding frequency affects behavior and the occurrence of skin lesions in growing-finishing pigs. One hundred eighty pigs (27 to 112 kg of BW) were reared in one environmentally controlled room (20 pens; 9 pigs/pen). Pigs in 10 pens were fed 3 times daily (reference group), whereas the others were fed 9 times daily (experimental(More)
Studies that address fish welfare before slaughter have concluded that many of the traditional systems used to stun fish including CO2 narcosis are unacceptable as they cause avoidable stress before death. One system recommended as a better alternative is electrical stunning, however, the welfare aspects of this method are not yet fully understood. To(More)
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