Chérine Bechara

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Twenty years ago, the discovery of peptides able to cross cellular membranes launched a novel field in molecular delivery based on these non-invasive vectors, most commonly called cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) or protein transduction domains (PTDs). These peptides were shown to efficiently transport various biologically active molecules inside living(More)
BACKGROUND Penetratin is a positively charged cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) that has the ability to bind negatively charged membrane components, such as glycosaminoglycans and anionic lipids. Whether this primary interaction of penetratin with these cell surface components implies that the peptide will be further internalized is not clear. METHODOLOGY(More)
Amphipols (APols) are amphipathic polymers with the ability to substitute detergents to keep membrane proteins (MPs) soluble and functional in aqueous solutions. APols also protect MPs against denaturation. Here, we have examined the ability of APol-trapped MPs to be analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry(More)
Deciphering the structural requirements and mechanisms for internalization of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) is required to improve their delivery efficiency. Herein, a unique role of tryptophan (Trp) residues in the interaction and structuring of cationic CPP sequences with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) has been characterized, in relation with cell(More)
A small library of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) containing a minimized cationic domain and a lipophilic domain of different size was studied. CPPs that could self-assemble were found to enter cells more efficiently, triggering a glycosaminoglycan-dependent pathway.
Among non-invasive cell delivery strategies, cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) vectors represent interesting new tools. To get fundamental knowledge about the still debated internalisation mechanisms of these peptides, we modified the membrane content of cells, typically by hydrolysis of sphingomyelin or depletion of cholesterol from the membrane outer(More)
Cell-penetrating peptides are short basic peptide sequences that might display amphipathic properties. These positively charged peptides internalize into all cell types, albeit with different efficiency. Cell-penetrating peptides use all routes of pinocytosis to internalize, in addition to direct membrane translocation that requires interaction with lipid(More)
Since the initial evidence that antennapedia homeobox can cross cell membranes and internalize into cells, numerous peptides with similar translocation properties have been described. These peptides are referred to as cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) or protein-transduction domains (PTDs). Reviews on reported CPP sequences have been recently published,(More)
Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs) belong to the large family of membrane active peptides that comprises antimicrobial and viral fusion peptides with whom they share many properties. CPPs have been increasingly used to transport a wide range of molecules and nanoparticles inside cells. Despite their recognized potential transporting properties, their mode of(More)
Adiponectin receptors (ADIPORs) are integral membrane proteins that control glucose and lipid metabolism by mediating, at least in part, a cellular ceramidase activity that catalyses the hydrolysis of ceramide to produce sphingosine and a free fatty acid (FFA). The crystal structures of the two receptor subtypes, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2, show a similar overall(More)