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In rodents, social odor sensing influences female reproductive status by affecting neuroendocrine cascades. The odor of male mouse urine can induce ovulation or block pregnancy within 3 d post coitus. Females avoid the action of such olfactory stimuli after embryonic implantation. The mechanisms underlying these changes are unknown. Here we report that(More)
Ex vivo gene therapy is emerging as a promising approach for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and central nervous system (CNS) trauma. We have shown previously that human adult astrocytes can be expanded in vitro and can express various therapeutic transgenes (Ridet et al. [1999] Hum. Gene Ther. 10:271-280; Serguera et al. [ 2001] Mol. Ther.(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a widely spread pathology with currently no effective treatment for any symptom. Regenerative medicine through cell transplantation is a very attractive strategy and may be used in different non-exclusive ways to promote functional recovery. We investigated functional and structural outcomes after grafting human(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) is an inherited disease caused by beta-glucuronidase (beta-glu) deficiency. This deficiency results in the lysosomal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in all tissues and affects a wide range of organs, including the central nervous system (CNS). Gene transfer is a promising approach to therapy for MPS VII because it(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy and biosafety of lentiviral gene transfer is influenced by the design of the vector. To this end, properties of lentiviral vectors can be modified by using cis-acting elements such as the modification of the U3 region of the LTR, the incorporation of the central flap (cPPT-CTS) element, or post-transcriptional regulatory elements(More)
Combination of ex vivo gene transfer and cell transplantation is now considered as a potentially useful strategy for the treatment of spinal cord injury. In a perspective of clinical application, autologous transplantation could be an option of choice. We analyzed the fate of adult rat cortical astrocytes genetically engineered with a lentiviral vector(More)
Gene transfer allows transient or permanent genetic modifications of cells for experimental or therapeutic purposes. Gene delivery by HIV-derived lentiviral vector (LV) is highly effective but the risk of insertional mutagenesis is important and the random/uncontrollable integration of the DNA vector can deregulate the cell transcriptional activity. Non(More)
HIV-1 derived vectors are among the most efficient for gene transduction in mammalian tissues. As the parent virus, they carry out vector genome insertion into the host cell chromatin. Consequently, their preferential integration in transcribed genes raises several conceptual and safety issues. To address part of these questions, HIV-derived vectors have(More)
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