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The afterload dependence of the intracellular calcium transient in isolated working human myocardium was analyzed in both donor and recipient hearts of seven patients undergoing transplantation because of dilated cardiomyopathy. The intracellular calcium transient (recorded by the fura 2 ratio method), force development, and muscle shortening were(More)
Hemodynamic instability and functional impairment of the donor heart are currently reported problems in organ transplantation. Actual shortage of potential donor hearts continues to raise controversial discussion about adequate donor management with regard to graft quality. In an experimental open chest model, physiopathologic effects of acutely induced,(More)
The amino-terminal domain of the essential myosin light chain (MLC-1) binds to the carboxy terminus of the actin molecule. We studied the functional role of this interaction by two approaches: first, incubation of intact and chemically skinned human heart fibers with synthetic peptide corresponding to the sequences 5 through 14 (P5-14), 5 through 8 (P5-8),(More)
UNLABELLED Two questions were analysed: (1) Is the Frank-Starling mechanism operative in failing human myocardium? (2) Are length-dependent changes in force accompanied by length-dependent changes in intracellular calcium transients in human myocardium? METHODS (I) in electrically stimulated left-ventricular trabeculae [normal donor heart (NDH), n = 8;(More)
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE The complexity of cardiac surgery requires continuous training, education and information addressing different individuals: physicians (cardiac surgeons, residents, anaesthesiologists, cardiologists), medical students, perfusionists and patients. Efficacy and efficiency of education and training will likely be improved by the use of(More)
Between January 1988 and December 1997 a total of 22 patients (age: 8 days-46 years) were operated for vascular airway compression syndromes with respiratory insufficiency. Vascular anomalies in tracheal compression were double aortic arch in 7 patients, (2 previously operated elsewhere), right aortic arch + left ligamentum arteriosum in 1, and pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), an essential cofactor for the synthesis of NO, improves endothelial dysfunction after ischemia/reperfusion. Therefore, we hypothesized that reduction of BH4 is involved in the attenuation of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in atherosclerosis, and we investigated the effect of alterations of the BH4 level on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Usefulness and risks of incomplete versus complete revascularization are still matters of ongoing discussions. Because an increasing number of elderly patients are undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the question arises whether a less extensive surgical approach is more prudent than complete revascularization. METHODS Of 6531(More)
UNLABELLED The influence of 2,3-Butanedione monoxime (BDM) on the human myocardium's tolerance to cold ischemia was analyzed in two experimental series. METHODS I) Left ventricular human muscle fibers (0.6 x 4.0 mm) were obtained from recipient hearts (n = 10) and loaded with the fluorescent dye Fura-2. Simultaneous measurements of intracellular calcium(More)
Global myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury play a major role in early postoperative graft dysfunction. In this study, the influence of nitric oxide (NO) on reperfusion injury and catecholamine sensitivity after ischemia was investigated in a heterotopic rat heart-transplantation model. After a 1-h ischemic preservation, reperfusion was started either(More)