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We present a measure for the evaluation of secondary structure prediction methods that is based on secondary structure segments rather than individual residues. The algorithm is an extension of the segment overlap measure Sov, originally defined by Rost et al. (J Mol Biol 1994;235:13-26). The new definition of Sov corrects the normalization procedure and(More)
Livermore Prediction Center provides basic infrastructure for the CASP (Critical Assessment of Structure Prediction) experiments, including prediction processing and verification servers, a system of prediction evaluation tools, and interactive numerical and graphical displays. Here we outline the essentials of our approach, with discussion of the(More)
Immunity against viruses and plasmids provided by CRISPR-Cas systems relies on a ribonucleoprotein effector complex that triggers the degradation of invasive nucleic acids (NA). Effector complexes of type I (Cascade) and II (Cas9-dual RNA) target foreign DNA. Intriguingly, the genetic evidence suggests that the type III-A Csm complex targets DNA, whereas(More)
We explored the possibility that the Rad1 family members have more distant homology with other proteins of Rad1 family were embedded into the Rad1 Mm sequence using BLOCKs, and this cobbled sequence was used as the probe in a PSI-BLAST search. An initial weak We have identified an unexpected structural similarity match was amplified after several(More)
In Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), damage-induced mutagenesis is dependent on the C-family DNA polymerase, DnaE2. Included with dnaE2 in the Mtb SOS regulon is a putative operon comprising Rv3395c, which encodes a protein of unknown function restricted primarily to actinomycetes, and Rv3394c, which is predicted to encode a Y-family DNA polymerase. These(More)
PD-(D/E)XK nucleases, initially represented by only Type II restriction enzymes, now comprise a large and extremely diverse superfamily of proteins. They participate in many different nucleic acids transactions including DNA degradation, recombination, repair and RNA processing. Different PD-(D/E)XK families, although sharing a structurally conserved core,(More)
Evaluation of protein models against the native structure is essential for the development and benchmarking of protein structure prediction methods. Although a number of evaluation scores have been proposed to date, many aspects of model assessment still lack desired robustness. In this study we present CAD-score, a new evaluation function quantifying(More)
Vitamin B₁₂-dependent enzymes function in core biochemical pathways in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an obligate pathogen whose metabolism in vivo is poorly understood. Although M. tuberculosis can access vitamin B₁₂ in vitro, it is uncertain whether the organism is able to scavenge B₁₂ during host infection. This question is crucial to predictions of(More)
UNLABELLED We present Voroprot, an interactive cross-platform software tool that provides a unique set of capabilities for exploring geometric features of protein structure. Voroprot allows the construction and visualization of the Apollonius diagram (also known as the additively weighted Voronoi diagram), the Apollonius graph, protein alpha shapes,(More)
The repair of damaged DNA is coupled to the completion of DNA replication by several cell cycle checkpoint proteins, including, for example, in fission yeast Rad1(Sp), Hus1(Sp), Rad9(Sp) and Rad17(Sp). We have found that these four proteins are conserved with protein sequences throughout eukaryotic evolution. Using computational techniques, including fold(More)