Cesario V. Borlongan

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To date, stem cell graft-mediated neuroprotection is equated with graft survival and secretion of neurotrophic factors in the brain. Here, we examined whether neuroprotection by systemically delivered human umbilical cord blood (HUCB) cells was dependent on their entry into the central nervous system in a rodent model of acute stroke.(More)
The choroid plexuses (CPs) are involved in the most-basic aspects of neural function including maintaining the extracellular milieu of the brain by actively modulating chemical exchange between the CSF and brain parenchyma, surveying the chemical and immunological status of the brain, detoxifying the brain, secreting a nutritive "cocktail" of polypeptides(More)
Mobilizing bone cells to the head, astutely referred to as 'bonehead' therapeutic approach, represents a major discipline of regenerative medicine. The last decade has witnessed mounting evidence supporting the capacity of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells to mobilize from BM to peripheral blood (PB), eventually finding their way to the injured brain. This(More)
This study was designed to explore the efficacy of a human clone cell line as an alternative neural graft source and to validate the practice of cryopreservation and xenografting as logistical approaches toward conducting neural transplantation. We investigated the biological effects of transplanting cultured human neurons (NT2N cells) derived from a(More)
There are three main mechanisms of neuronal cell death which may act separately or cooperatively to cause neurodegeneration. This lethal triplet of metabolic compromise, excitotoxicity, and oxidative stress causes neuronal cell death that is both necrotic and apoptotic in nature. Aspects of each of these three mechanisms are believed to play a role in the(More)
Few studies have investigated physiologic and cognitive effects of "long-term" electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure in humans or animals. Our recent studies have provided initial insight into the long-term impact of adulthood EMF exposure (GSM, pulsed/modulated, 918 MHz, 0.25-1.05 W/kg) by showing 6+ months of daily EMF treatment protects against or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Choroid plexus (CP) secretes a cocktail of neurotrophic factors. In the present study, CP from neonatal pigs was encapsulated within alginate microcapsules for in vitro and in vivo neuroprotective studies. METHODS In vitro studies involved serum deprivation of rat embryonic cortical neurons and treatment with a range of(More)
Parkinson's disease is characterized by a depletion of dopamine (DA) neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Stereotaxic injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a selective neurotoxin, into either the medial forebrain bundle or the substantia nigra result in a massive DA denervation of the nigrostriatal pathway. Following unilateral nigrostriatal DA(More)
The characterization of sensory, motor and cognitive dysfunctions following occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) is prerequisite to investigations of treatment intervention in animal models of ischemia. Different strategies are used to induce ischemia, but the focal, transient occlusion of the MCA has been reported to result in neuropathology most(More)
In addition to the placenta, umbilical cord and amniotic fluid, the amniotic membrane is emerging as an immensely valuable and easily accessible source of stem and progenitor cells. This concise review will focus on the stem/progenitor cell properties of human amniotic epithelial and mesenchymal stromal cells and evaluate the effects exerted by these cells(More)